Canon DSLR: the ultimate photographer's guide. – (Digital gov/iad// docs/Public%20SP%%20November%pdf. I wrote earlier that. In this guide we share tips on how to use a DSLR. It's perfect for beginner photographers with their first camera. You'll be taking great photos in no time. This complete guide to photography for beginners will walk you though A black and white photo of four beginners photographers holding DSLR cameras.

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Basic principles of photography years: the digital single lens reflex camera (DSLR) The camera obscura is an example of a “pinhole camera”. What you see is what you get - this feature is particularly valuable when you want to use different types of lenses. Digital SLR Camera with Interchangeable. The basic operation of a DSLR is as follows: for viewing purposes, the mirror reflects the light coming through the lens upwards at an approximately 90 degree .

The low f-stop means you can have a higher depth-of-field with a sharp image at the center and a blurred background, creating a dramatic effect. The difference between these two lenses is that the mm is a zoom lens , while the 50mm is a prime lens. A zoom lens allows you to zoom in, capturing multiple focal lengths without changing lenses.

To get a closer shot, you would have to change the lens.

Both have positive and negative aspects for photographers. There are some ways to retrofit old lenses onto new cameras, but they might need to be the same brand, and you may lose some important technical tools, like the light meter. Using a tripod will ensure a crisper and cleaner image. Analog equipment For analog photographers , the type of film and brand you choose will affect your photographs.

The most common brands to choose from are Kodak, Fuji, and Ilford, but there are others. The most common 35mm film is measured in ISO , or speed, ranging from to Each speed will create a different effect. Higher ISOs are best used in lower light, while lower ISOs are better for brightly lit interiors or full sun outdoors. A standard speed to start off with would be ISO , which can be used indoors and outdoors with adjustments to your settings.

Aperture The aperture consists of small blades in the lens that create an adjustable, octagonal shape. It tells you how big the hole is in your lens. The smaller the hole is, the less light passes through it. The wider the hole is, the more light will enter your lens. The aperture is measured by your f-stop. The higher the f-stop f22 , the smaller the hole and the darker your image will be. The f-stop also measures the depth of field.

The Ultimate Guide to Learning how to use Your first DSLR

A lower f-stop f2. For example, if you are taking a photo of a person and would like the background to be a bit blurry, you would choose a low f-stop.

If you are taking a picture of beautiful scenery, you would want a higher f-stop to make sure everything is in focus. Shutter speed The shutter speed tells you the amount of time the camera will be exposed to light.

A viewfinder with 9 focus points is shown below: New DSLRs can come with over 50 focus points and the temptation is to leave it on fully automatic focus point selection, with the thinking that the camera will be able to select the correct focus point.

However, only you know what you want to focus on, and there is no better way than ensuring the correct subject is in focus than by using one focus point, and placing that focus point over the subject. If you select a single focus point, you should be able to change which point is active fairly easily either by using directional buttons one of the dials.

If you select a focus point that is on your desired subject, you will ensure that the camera focuses where you want it to. After a small amount of practice, you will soon get into the habit of being able to change the focus point without taking the camera away form your eye. This way, you will be able to choose what you are focussing on, ensuring that the subject you want to capture is in focus.

Once you are familiar with the basic focussing modes and focus point selection, you can then explore the more advanced modes that your camera may offer.

Understand File Size and Types You will have the option to be able to change the size of the images that your camera records, and in which file type. A raw file is uncompressed, and so contains a lot of image data that allows for a lot of flexibility during post-processing i.

A jpeg is a compressed file type, that is automatically processed by the camera. Practically speaking: When starting out with your camera, using jpeg is the most straight forward.

It will enable you to get the best results whilst you learn the basics or your camera before complicating matters with post-processing of raw files. Learn about White balance If shooting in jpeg, as recommended above, you will need to make sure you set your white balance before taking a picture. The white balance can significantly impact colour tone of your photographs.

You may have noticed that sometimes your images have a blueish tone to them or, in others, everything looks very orange. This is to do with the white balance and, whilst you can make some adjustments to the image on your computer, it is much simpler if you get it right up-front.

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Different light sources such as the sun, light bulbs, fluorescent strips etc emit light of different wavelengths, and therefore colours, which can be described by what is known as colour temperature. This coloured light is reflected off of surfaces, but our brain in clever enough to recognise this and automatically counter the effect, meaning that we still see a white surface as a white surface.

However, your camera is not that intelligent, and unless told otherwise, will record the orange or blue tones giving the colour cast to your images. Left: The image captured using auto white balance has a heavy yellow tone from the artificial street lighting.

Jpeg files are not as susceptible to white balance adjustments, meaning the white balance correction needs to be made before the image is taken : Daylight — To be used on clear sunny days.

Bright sunlight, on a clear day is as near to neutral light that we generally get Cloudy — To be used when shooting on a cloudy day. Adds warm tones to daylight images. Shade — To be used if shooting in the shade, as shaded areas generally produce cooler, bluer images, so need warming up. Tungsten — Used for shooting indoors, under incandescent light bulbs, or under street lights, to cool down the yellow tones. Flash — the flash will add a cool blue cast to the image, so used to add some warmth.

Practically speaking: avoid auto white balance and set the white balance manually. Generally, you will be able to look up at the sky and see what kind of day it is, and determine the colour balance required pretty easily.

If you move indoors, just check the lighting that you are shooting under, and again select the appropriate white balance. It will soon become second nature to set it as you take your camera out of the bag. Soon enough, you will no longer think of your camera as a mysterious black box, but understand how to achieve the photographic results that you bought it for in the first place. Want to get ahead of the beginner pack? Check out our new post about awesome photography facts next!

Thank you for all this great information. As a beginner, I plan to go through each tutorial link. I have learned a lot on your blog already, but not enough to keep from overexposing or blurring the photos of my son.

Hope to read, learn and improve! Thank you!

Photography for Beginners: A Complete Guide

Josh, Great Blog. I just sent a link to my neice who is taking a photography course in High School this year.

This is a good guide for a beginner, but is not technically accurate for digital cameras. Increasing ISO does not make a digital sensor more sensitive to light the way higher ISO film is more sensitive to light.

A digital sensor only has one sensitivity. ISO in the digital world is the amount that the light signal is amplified by the camera after it hits the sensor. A small but important difference.

Some newer cameras — so called ISOless cameras — like the Nikon D have been tested to actually have better image quality when the signal is amplified with software afterwards instead of by using higher ISO.

The Ultimate Guide to Learning how to use Your first DSLR

How do I charge the camera when traveling in countrys with power. What should I download and bring with me, or do most hotels have power sources that match the US. Might want to check into it, probably pick it up a any camera store. Hope it helps and happy shooting!!! Great, I enjoy pictures and capturing something different but have only ever used your average joes, run of the mill point and shoot. Nice one Josh!


Great th post!! I studied this and read all the tutorials a couple of times over and it helped soooo much!! I recommend your blog to any photographer I know.

Many thanks!! This is useful and informative website http: I started posting some of my original photography to my blog in hopes to get some constructive feedback. My blog is http: Thanks, I fixed it! Thank you so much for this incredible post. Now I have the confidence to achieve my dream of being a better photographer. Yeah Nice Tutorial, learn more , know more, see the practical approach of photography technique of Delhi wedding photographer works.

Great to find such an informative and content. This content will help to much to the beginners to get better and perfect idea. Thank you so much for sharing. Hi Josh, quality, price, and location are considered to be the primary concerns in photo retouching work.

A very interesting article. I shall work my way through it over the next month.A large depth of field achieved by using a small aperture large f-number would mean that a large distance within the scene is in focus, such as the foreground to the background of the landscape below.

I know it all sounds confusing. When that subject moves, the focus will adjust with it, refocusing all of the time until the photograph is taken. Think of producing images that will amaze other professional photographers. The scene is always being averaged by the camera and most of the time that results in the image appearing to be correctly exposed.

Therefore, a larger aperture a wider opening has a smaller f-number e. Situation 2: Reduce the ISO by a factor of 4, i. Below, I have given each abbreviation for the given mode.

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