Indian Constitution at Work. Textbook in Political Science for Class XI . (NCERT ) appreciates the hard work done by the textbook development committee. Table of Contents. CONSTITUTION: WHY AND HOW? 1; RIGHTS IN THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION; ELECTION AND REPRESENTATION; EXECUTIVE. Download OLD NCERT e-Books (FREE PDF). Indian Constitution at Work "Class - XI". Subject: Polity. Topic: Indian Constitution at Work. Class: XI. File Type.
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Textbook For Class XI Indian Constitution at Work - NCERT Book. Less Information. Close. Click here to download the PDF file. Tags: General Studies. Free Download NCERT Indian Constitution at Work Textbook in Political Science for Class XI by NCERT Syllabus & Patterns PDF Online from Ncert Books. Indian Polity is equally important for the IAS Prelims and IAS Mains Exam. For the aspirants of Civil Services, here we have provided NCERT.
One cannot help but critique such a constricted perspective. Further, one cannot stop from thinking why the distinction and relative strengths of India's constitution are not highlighted in this context. This right came in force after the 24th amendment to the Constitution of USA, and the later enactment of Civil Rights Act of Factually, all major democracies of the world witnessed the challenge of incorporating this basic fundamental right in their Constitution.
Universal adult franchise was also a big challenge for India. One must recall that the under the Government of India Act of , getting on electoral rolls was not easily accessible to all. This act set several disqualifications for voting rights, some of these disqualifications were: if one is not a British subject, not below 21 years of age, does not possess a sound mind, not found eligible by a competent a court, and does not have adequate property ownership and education.
If we compare the history of the struggle for universal adult franchise in India, Dr. Ambedkar strongly advocated for voting rights for all citizens since his presentation at Indian Statutory Commission on 23 October, Ambedkar pleaded for universal adult franchise even before independence and the formal beginning of constitution making.
Isn't this crucial to the history of India and the world of democracy that even when most of the western nations were grappling with voting rights, India had Dr.
Ambedkar's fighting for these rights even before independence? The above illustration of distinction indicates that the authors of texts can distort and overlook historical facts implying deep seated politics of exclusion. Other several occasions Besides such flaws and warped interpretations the text does not mention the Prevention of Insults to National Honor Act, , a preventive and punitive act against insult to the Indian National Flag and Constitution of India.
NCERT / CBSE Book for Class 11 Political Science 2
The book has other flaws when dealing with issues of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Minorities. Examples: on page 63 and 64, the text attempts to open discussion on separate electorates, but however, ends with two anti-separate electorate statements, one from a Scheduled Tribe member and another from a Muslim member.
In the critical assessment from a perspective of untouchables and their political situation, this does not reflect whole meaning and purpose of separate electorates. Ironically, this text does not discuss why Gandhi put his life at stake against "separate electorates" for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes by going on fast unto death.
Another serious distortion of fact in the book is on Page 22, where it states that the Constitution of India borrowed the principles of liberty, equality and fraternity from the French Constitution. However, this is nowhere mentioned in the Constitution of India or in any reference by Dr. Ambedkar, the chief Architect of the Constitution. On page , the text in a satirical tone, questions, "Is it a coincidence that the central square of every other small town has a statue of Dr.
Ambedkar with a copy of the Indian Constitution? Far from being a mere symbolic tribute to him, this expresses the feeling among Dalits that the Constitution reflects many of their aspirations. Ambedkar across India, not as a result of a cult or hero worship of ex-untouchables but as expression of their "aspirations. Ambedkar to an inspiration only to ex-untouchables is extremely disappointing and shallow, as it fails to liberate students and Dr.
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Ambedkar from caste-role model admiration. Conclusion Indeed it is not an easy task for any author to draft a sincere, honest text with an objective to liberate, emancipate and instill democratic values in the minds of the readers within their politics. Analogously, it must have not been an easy task to the constitution makers to frame a country's constitution.
Amidst this, how justified is the politics of parody, content appropriation and dismissal of Dr.
Ambedkar's contribution to this country? Why have the authors failed to deal with this subject with factual clarity? These are some of the questions that need to be answered. Undoubtedly, this text has been innovative in many ways by facilitating learning by students with lively animated pictures, data, information, humor, questioning and critical thinking.
However, the text falls short of being consistent, impartial and committed to provide necessary information for students to judge and evaluate the constitution of our country from a holistic point of view. It may also be true that Dr.
Ambedkar is duly recognized in texts for the first time. However this 'compromised inclusion' is equally condemnable as much as the hitherto persistent exclusion.
Also by providing inadequate information, false explanations and inconsistent reasoning, the text does more harm, to students of polity, than any justice by not giving them an opportunity to be well-informed, critical and responsible future citizens.
The cartoon row may have caused great distress to academicians, parliamentarians and followers of Dr. Ambedkar, however, it once again opened our eyes to politicization of curriculum as a continuous process, an ongoing struggle and vulnerable to regime appropriation.
Most importantly this ban should not be revoked alone on cartoon deletion but also on the lines of stringent revision and examination of the content. By not falling into this trap of superficial understanding, we may save ourselves and our country from becoming an irresponsible democracy. It proposed to for the words ''Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes'' the words ''Vulnerable Communities'' shall be substituted' ee "vulnerable communities" includes the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, farmers and agricultural workers.
Ambedkar' interview. What is Equality? Various dimensions of Equality. Social Justice What is Justice? Just Distribution. Justice as fairness. Pursuing Social Justice.
Textbook For Class XI Indian Constitution at Work - NCERT Book
Rights What are Rights? Where do Rights come from?
Legal Rights and the State. Kinds of Rights. Rights and Responsibilities. Citizenship What is citizenship? Secularism What is Secularism? What is Secular State?
The Western and the Indian approaches to Secularism. Legislature, executive and judiciary are the three organs of government.
Together, they perform the functions of the government, maintain law and order and look after the welfare of the people. The Constitution ensures that they work in coordination with each other and maintain a balance among themselves.
In a parliamentary system, executive and the legislature are interdependent: In this chapter we shall discuss the composition, structure and function of the executive organ of the government.
This chapter will also tell you about the changes that have occurred in recent times due to political practice. You have already studied the importance of elections and the method of election adopted in India.
Legislatures are elected by the people and work on behalf of the people. In this chapter you would study how elected legislatures function and help in maintaining democratic government. You will also learn about the composition and functioning of the parliament and State legislatures in India and their importance in democratic government.
Class 11 Political Science Notes :
Many times, courts are seen only as arbitrators in disputes between individuals or private parties. But judiciary performs some political functions also. Judiciary is an important organ of the government.
The Supreme Court of India is in fact, one of the very powerful courts in the world. Right from the judiciary has played an important role in interpreting and in protecting the Constitution. In this chapter you will study the role and importance of the judiciary. In the chapter on fundamental rights you have already read that the judiciary is very important for protecting our rights. Look at the political maps on next two pages of India and They have changed dramatically over the years.
Boundaries of States have changed, names of States have changed, and the number of States has changed. When India became independent, we had a number of provinces that the British government had organised only for administrative convenience.
Then a number of princely states merged with the newly independent Indian union. These were joined to the existing provinces. This is what you see in the first map. Since then boundaries of States have been reorganised many times. During this entire period, not only did boundaries of State change, but in some cases, even their names changed according to the wishes of the people of those States.
The maps show these large scale changes that have taken place in the span of over fifty years. In a way, these maps also tell us the story of functioning of federalism in India. In a democracy, it is not sufficient to have an elected government at the centre and at the State level.
It is also necessary that even at the local level, there should be an elected government to look after local affairs. In this chapter, you will study the structure of local government in our country.Customer images. This book makes you feel the way polity works in India.
The Indian Constituent Assembly completed the task of drafting the Constitution in 2 years, 11 months and 17 days. Do these objectives have a moral content? Also, the uniqueness of the text is the use of cartoons aimed at engaging students. In this chapter, you will study the structure of local government in our country.
No constitution by itself achieves perfect justice.