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Further, bound manga volumes were much more expensive than either comic books or mass-market paperbacks. As graphic novels and readers have gained influence over the comics market and the attitude of comics readers began to shift toward the content rather than the object, manga readership in the United States began to explode.

Another factor that has contributed to the popularity of manga comes from an unanticipated and often unacknowledged source: video games. Gaming is a huge industry here in the United States. According to the Pew Internet and American Life report on Teens and Technology, 81 percent of teens go online to game—up from 52 percent in —which represents around 17 million teens Pew Internet Life and American Life Project , July.

The bulk of video games are from Asian creators, and the links between manga, anime, and video games are inextricable, both in terms of market and in appeal. The design of characters, the environments, the history, and the goals of heroes in video games and manga are undoubtedly parallel.

In addition to these surface similarities, the literacy required to succeed in video games is closely linked to the literacy required to read manga: an understanding of the combination of text and image and the ability to follow cinematic structure and navigate through symbols and clues, and follow extended story arcs.

Additionally, gaming and manga share the distinction of befuddling previous generations—both are entertainment that parents and teachers stereotypically undervalue. The sheer number of titles ready-made for this new market dwarfs the titles produced by Western comics publishers. More than 60 percent responded that they only read Japanese manga, and another 30 percent read both; only 10 percent read only U. One of the largest U. Likewise, librarians see the boost in circulation statistics and are familiar with the merits of comics from years of collecting and defending graphic novels.

We need to begin reading and understanding manga ourselves—not simply to keep up with our audience but also to ensure we select and maintain our collection wisely. But as this book aims to illuminate, manga is diverse and has a complexity that rivals any other format.

Series: How to Draw Manga

In my experience, manga fans are an intelligent and adventurous community. These readers research mythology and history; discuss the details of plot, costume, and acts of cultural significance; learn to read, write, and speak Japanese; long to visit the shrines and bustling cities of Japan; and mine each volume read for information about story, place, and period.

These readers are aware that although we are living in a global culture, there are still attitude differences, at the surface and deeper, between cultures that intrigue, amuse, and enlighten those who take notice of them. Literacy in Manga and Anime While he was studying literacy and the value of voluntary reading, researcher Stephen Krashen discovered that comics were an unrecognized mine of vocabulary, literary devices, and encouragement for the simple pleasure of reading. In comics, images help readers who struggle with description or context, allowing them to feel they are accomplishing understanding without the intimidation of dense prose.

When teen librarian Michele Gorman further researched the connections between graphic novels and literacy, she concluded that graphic novels will only continue to engage readers, reluctant or not, by encouraging literacy and the active reading in making connections between text and panels Gorman The visible literary devices of flashback and point of view make it easier for children and teens to identify the same devices used in prose Versaci There is no doubt that we live in a multimedia world.

Kids and teens grow up with skills that older generations lack, from navigating a computer with instinctive ease to creating a story from the jump-cuts and flashing images of two-minute music videos.

Instant communication, video games, and the vast reaches of the Internet are a large part of how they live their lives and how they read and tell their stories. Eighty-seven percent of teens are online, and eighty-one percent go online to play games up from 56 percent in Pew Internet Life and American Life Project , July. Fifty-seven percent of those teens create content online, with two out of five sharing self-authored content such as blogs and Web pages, and one in five remixing content from other online sources.

Traditional reading has a lot of competition with all these media, and teens are learning to pick and choose what they love in terms of storytelling Pew Internet Life and American Life Project , November.

Comics and graphic novels require a distinct kind of literacy. First-time readers will come out of the story confused and unsure of what exactly happened, who was who, or why and how things happened.

Give that same volume to a visual learner, and he or she will adapt more quickly, pulling out the necessary information and visual cues to create the story from the page, but there is still a learning curve. Elementary school librarian Allyson Lyga and comic industry insider Barry Lyga discussed the types of learners to whom graphic novels especially appeal in her book Graphic Novels in Your Media Center.

She identified children with linguistic intelligence and strong vocabularies , spatial intelligence those who think in images and pictures , and interpersonal intelligence those who react to body language and are strong communicators. Visual literacy is a newly developing field of study; it has become of interest in great part because younger generations are so at ease with visual signals while their elders are left wondering how all the different input creates a readable story.

Comics and graphic novels are excellent examples of a melding of visual literacy with traditional text-based literacy. Reading comics is a learned activity for many but is more and more an instinctive understanding for children and teenagers growing up in a world that combines text and image all the time. The divide between comprehension and confusion is not so much a generation gap but dependent on whether readers have had previous experience reading comics.

If they grew up reading comics, then readers new to reading manga will be a step ahead of a reader trying sequential art for the first time. Although people who grew up in the s through the s read comics en masse as children, the later generations, especially from the s on, had far less access to or recommendations for reading comic books and graphic novels. Reading comics became a cult activity, and many readers dismissed the medium after childhood, if they ever read them at all. Manga readers in Japan are famous for reading manga everywhere—on their commutes or as a break from the intense pressure of school or corporate life—and at a rapid rate.

As Frederik Schodt noted in his landmark book Manga! The World of Japanese Comics, these readers typically spend twenty minutes reading a magazine of three hundred or more pages, which breaks down to four seconds per page. This seems impossible to a prose reader, or even a U. Manga obviously reads differently from U.

While all comics rely on a familiar visual language to tell their stories, from speech bubbles to sound effects to art conventions, manga uses a larger and entirely different set of cues that were never intended for a foreign audience.

Just as we all know what a light bulb above a head means in a cartoon, Japanese readers know what a nosebleed means see Chapter 4 for the answer , but both are incomprehensible occurrences to readers outside the culture of origin. One of the biggest barriers to understanding manga is these very instances of cultural divergence, and there is a steep learning curve for new U. As manga originated from creators drenched in the traditions of animation and Hollywood movies of the s and s, their presentation is distinctly more filmic than most U.

To truly comprehend manga we must look to films, television, and comics to find the roots of the story. If teens find valuable narrative in formats librarians rarely read, how are we to connect with newer generations? We must meet teens halfway, and one of those steps toward connection is to understand and collect graphic novels and specifically Japanese manga. Why Libraries?

In their heyday in the s, comic books were available almost everywhere, from the grocery store to the newsstand to the corner store. As the audience grew up and the market shifted, comic books slowly disappeared from general view, finally ending up being available only through specialty comic stores aimed at collectors and fans, although perhaps an occasional title might be found in a corner store.

Eventually kids and teens had no obvious source for comics, and while many parents and grandparents may remember with fondness their clandestine collections of Archie and Batman comics, their kids growing up in the s and s had no access to comics except through the Sunday funnies.

These kids grew up with comic strip collections such as Garfield and Calvin and Hobbes mixed in with the occasional Archie.

Understanding Manga and Anime

Books, television, and films are where they got their long story arcs. Comics were never again to be the booming, kid-oriented business that they were in the Golden Age of the s or the Silver Age of the s.

They were also picked up by innovative libraries and finally broke into bookstores. Suddenly a whole new generation of kids and teens saw that comics could be used to tell all kinds of stories, from the adventures of superheroes to the memoirs of Holocaust survivors.

Still, not many realized that what they were reading were essentially comics—comics were outside their experience. Forward-thinking librarians have been collecting graphic novels for decades with one simple, original aim—to attract boys and young men back to the library. The plan worked, and over the years libraries across the country have built up graphic novel collections for teenagers, children, and adults. As graphic novels arrived, so did Japanese manga, and it began to make its presence felt in libraries with circulation statistics and the fact that most volumes never stayed on the shelf; a similar trend was seen in bookstores.

Teens are excited to see libraries once again adapting to their tastes and acknowledging their way of reading, not to mention saving them the money of downloading each book of a thirty-volume series at ten bucks a pop.

On top of that, many of the teens who read graphic novels and Japanese manga otherwise would rarely come into the library. As with any other population, these fans are happy to find other teens, let alone an adult, who speak their language and validate their interests. Any librarian gets excited when a patron is inspired to read, and the exuberance of manga and anime fans for their media is exciting.

The more they read, the more they seek to explore—what else could a librarian ask of readers? The Appeal of Manga and Anime The dominance of the superhero subgenre has had continuing impact on U. Happily, the market is growing and diversifying, featuring more titles every month, but diversity of genre has yet to be a driving force in the market. Comics are still overwhelmingly aimed at and created by men.

Female fans are beginning to be acknowledged, and although there were efforts in the past to attract girls to comics with romance themes, these lines died out in the late s. Japanese manga on the other hand, to paraphrase one of library pioneer S.

The sheer variety of manga is a large part of its appeal. Although we still only see a small percentage of the many genres available in Japan, the fantasies, melodramas, slice-of-life comedies, and hard science fiction, not to mention the memoirs, histories, and mysteries already outstrip U.

In the United States, the comics industry is still behind in attracting female readers and tends not to pursue them, whereas since the s, manga publishers have aggressively pursued girls and women as readers. This has led to many U. The fact is that kids and teenagers have no qualms about embarking into new formats, nor do they hold the stereotypes associated with comics as firmly in mind. Manga represents an unexplored country where few adults or professionals have ventured.

Every volume they read not only tells an appealing story but illuminates that much more of a language obscure to a casual reader, and those who understand the details and signals feel the thrill of a secret code. In the end, it comes down to a very simple fact: teens love manga, and the more we can understand it, the better we can understand and support teen reading. How to Use This Guide This guide covers the essential issues involved in reading, collecting, and promoting Japanese manga and anime.

Because far more titles exist to advise on Japanese anime, a majority of the discussions and examples here concentrate on manga. The guide is intended to work together as a whole, with sections progressing from the most basic questions to the less obvious differences represented by cultural context and comfort zones. The initial sections show where manga comes from and how it is identified. Suggested title lists relevant to each topic are included throughout the guide.

The guide begins with basic information about Japanese manga and anime as formats. This section includes a brief history of the formats and profiles of the industries and creators in Japan and the United States today. The end of this section provides a guide to the basic format and construction of a manga title accompanied by advice on how to determine intended audiences and how to maintain collections in terms of shelving, labeling, and cataloging.

Next the conventions of manga and anime storytelling are explained. This information ranges from basic terms and vocabulary to identifying intended audiences, pacing, and storytelling tropes. The complex task of translating the Japanese language for U. Manga covers a diverse array of genres including those familiar to Western readers as well as genres unique to Japan.

Chapter 3 provides descriptions and title lists for the most common genres, concentrating on those unique to the format. Throughout the text, there are booklists of recommended titles. These titles are annotated to indicate the titles publishing information, intended audience and appeal, genre, and related media.

For more information on how the annotations are formatted, please see page for the key to the annotations. Once readers are equipped with the basics, they can dive into the cultural references that make manga a fascinating but occasionally confusing read.

Because manga has never been created specifically for export, the potential for cross-cultural confusion is high. In Chapter 4, common causes for disconnects between readers and manga, or viewers and anime, are identified and explained. Manga and anime fans create and participate in their fandom in a variety of ways.

In Chapter 5, the full range of fan activities is explored with a focus on how the community can benefit readers and libraries including programming ideas and plans.

Drawing on years of reading, viewing, and working with this community, the final chapter is my annotated list of the top recommended titles of both manga and anime for younger, teen, and school audiences.

Suggested reading for additional exploration is provided, and manga publishers, anime distributors, and production companies are included in the indexes. Readers may choose to read chapters out of order or in sequence. Each chapter depends and builds on concepts and information presented in the previous sections, but readers with previous knowledge of the topic should be able to read whatever section answers their questions. Because currently neither readers nor publishers make a pointed distinction, both Japanese manga and Korean manhwa are discussed as part of the same comic continuum, but of course the Korean titles reflect their culture of origin.

References Gorman, Michele.

Getting Graphic! Worthington, OH: Linworth, Griepp, Milton, ed. Krashen, Stephen. The Power of Reading: Insights from the Research. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited, Lenhard, Amanda, and Mary Madden.

Lyga, Allyson, and Barry Lyga. McCloud, Scott. Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art. Versaci, Rocco. Chapter One Short History of Manga and Anime Not unlike Western comics, manga and anime developed from historical art traditions in Japanese culture, although their influences and predecessors arguably reach back farther than their Western counterparts. Due to certain twists of fate, the development of the Japanese industry is an accelerated version of the growth of the Western industry. The evolution of their industry may be an indication of the direction the U.

In this chapter, I take a brief tour of the major events in the creation of manga, from feudal-era Buddhist monks to the explosion of manga and anime as the cultural forces they are today, ending with a portrait of the current manga and anime industries both in Japan and the United States.

Origins Twelfth-Century Scrolls The format that defines and shapes all comics, from comic strips to graphic novels, is sequential art. Sequential art is a narrative created from images, and often but not always text, presented in sequence across a page Eisner ; McCloud Although it is difficult to identify the exact date when manga emerged, many credit the beginning of sequential art in Japan with the creation of scrolls of illustrations by Buddhist monks in the twelfth century.

A parody and critique of the religious hierarchy, the Choju Giga also shows the particularly Japanese way of using space and carefully considered calligraphic lines to create eloquent movement, expressions, and figures.

The scrolls reach as long as eighty feet and are viewed from right to left. Most important to the history of manga, they follow a definite sequence across the page to tell their story and thus lay the pattern for the sequential storytelling to come.

Series by cover

Picture scrolls, often religious in nature, were produced for hundreds of years on a variety of topics, from religious cautionary tales and ghost stories to men indulging in farting contests when not subject to religious constraints. Zen pictures marked a simpler offshoot, as an activity intended to focus the mind as much as to produce a piece of art, and it is here that the economy of line can be seen most clearly in the artistic tradition Schodt These cartoons, as part of religious study and culture, were rarely seen by the public but soon made their way into the culture of the common people, who quickly sought out cartoons in the style.

Pictures that began as Buddhist amulets for travelers soon included a variety of subjects—from demons to beautiful women to warriors—and were dubbed Otsu-e because of their emergence and popularity near the city of Otsu around the middle of the seventeenth century Schodt Yoshiwara was the decadent corner of capital city Edo where teahouses, restaurants, traditional theater, and high-class brothels provided escape and fantasy for well-to-do customers.

Yoshiwara was the center of nightlife and provided a rich pageantry for any artist. Fuji visible in the distance. Hokusai was a master of many arts. His ability to capture a person or scene with a few fluid lines led to collections of what, around , he called manga, meaning whimsical pictures or sketches. Collections of this kind of illustration, plus the continued popularity of ukiyo-e, provided ample foundation for variant art forms Schodt Around Osaka at the turn of the eighteenth century, bound books of twenty to thirty cartoons appeared, dubbed Toba-e after the legendary Choju Giga creator, and sold by the thousands.

Soon kibyoshi, or yellow-covered books, arrived. Kibyoshi featured everyday stories of town life, often satirized and thus often banned by the strict government of the Tokugawa regime Schodt In , U.

Commodore Matthew Perry arrived on Japanese shores at Gorahama and, representing American and Western political pressure, strong-armed the already faltering Japanese government into opening its ports to trade with the West. Society descended into a political and cultural civil war between those who wished to maintain Japanese tradition at all costs and those who embraced the West with what many considered an indecent fervor.

This splintering of culture led to sudden and often violent changes, especially as Japan struggled to catch up with Western technology to maintain a position of power in this new world. This period of history, stretching from the Tokugawa Era — into the Meiji Era — , is the setting for innumerable Japanese stories and is perhaps best known for the struggle between the Western-leaning emperor, the powerful politicians behind the throne, and the final stand of those mythic warriors, the samurai.

The existence of a few comic strips hit the illustration scene quickly, and within a few years, Japanese artists had adopted this Western style of political and cultural critique in their own magazine, The Japan Punch.

The Japan Punch was started in by British citizen Charles Wirgman but was eventually taken over by Japanese editors and artists, and a later magazine, called Marumaru Chimbun from , surpassed The Japan Punch in inventiveness. In all of these adoptions of Western style, though, Japanese artists immediately incorporated their own styles and traditions to create a hybrid art form. Some of the early cartoons of Westerners carousing with Japanese representatives are an illuminating look at how the Japanese saw Westerners—big nosed, gangly, monstrous—compared with their own graceful and fine-featured representations.

Even as the illustration and cartoon styles became more Westernized, mimicking comic strips such as The Yellow Kid and the new stylized art deco magazine illustrations from Paris and New York, the simplicity of layout and inventiveness of point of view derived from ukiyo-e and other Japanese illustrative predecessors kept the images distinctly Japanese Schodt One notable difference from Western comic traditions is the awareness of how a background affects the overall image, especially in deciding when to make it particularly detailed to show place, and when to use a dramatic obliteration of all background to set off the key figure in action sequences.

From Newspapers to Magazines In the beginning of the twentieth century, Japanese comic strips and comics began to multiply, and they were immediately popular with the public in the same way the ukiyo-e had been in the last century. Political cartoons and the tradition of political humor magazines soon gave way to more popular and less obviously politically charged comic strips. By the end of the s, numerous cartoon strips were read across Japan.

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When comic strips from comics magazines were bound into hardcover books, they became immediate best-sellers and signal one of the major differences between U. This sequence of publishing—serializing in a magazine to be later published in a book—is part of what has given manga series the measured pace and extended story arcs that are far from the norm in U. Even today in Japan, many adults read comic strips in newspapers and magazines and are as avid fans as their children. Norakuro, a comic strip that ran from through , followed the journey of a small black dog through Japanese society.

Fuku-chan, or Little Fuku, ran from through in Shonen Club, following the madcap adventures of a little boy whose mischievous, sunny attitude and ability to extricate himself from scrapes is reminiscent of similar Western strips including Dennis the Menace and Family Circus Gravett As idealistic militarism and nationalism increased across the country before the outbreak of war, the comics that had originally been a voice of dissension were suppressed by an increasingly tyrannical government.

The deal was clear: either work for the government, producing comics propaganda for both the home front and the enemy front, or be pressured out of a job, exiled, or even arrested.

Still others fled the country to continue their critique from afar or even to produce propaganda comics for the Allies. The result was a devastating halt in the creativity and variety of the comics available in Japan, and the comics industry took a good while to recover from the bitterness of such oppression as leading artists had to come to terms with their decision to either flee or abandon their ideals under pressure Schodt The other undeniable impact on culture and history came with the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Whatever the circumstances behind the use of these weapons against Japan, their detonation still reverberates through every aspect of Japanese culture. Worst part, I can't login my account. Yes for NT12 and NT To my knowledge, NT14's color pages were never translated and typeset, so no for that. Finally was able to download them thanks. Hey, is there somewere the NT to download?

Or I'm too fast and must wait longer for it's ENG versions? Don't know about the best, but i'm using utorrent for something like 7 years, it's pretty simple and had no issues with it. Can help you if you need something, kinda hard to understand cause you didn't mention what specifically. Not gonna lie, I'm in a bit of a conundrum here. I might need someone to baby me through this Couldn't use that link either and i'm pretty sure that the torrent link was not updated for a long time i think it still works , but i had all old volumes and needed only new ones aka But if you need i can send you whatever volume you need or i can upload it just don't know where and if it's okay to just openly post it.

Personally I prefer epub since pdf text seems to be glaring for me, even if the pictures are messed up. I'm on my way of rereading and was always using pdfs on my phone.

Are the PDFs free and does not require registration on solidfiles? Excuse me for the trouble can't find LN at my place. Hoping the more recent volumes get colored pages translated to english. Is there a chance NT and beyond will get updated translated colored pages and covers eventually, or are there already some available I am not aware of?

Can anyone send me all the links including updated here. I'm kinda lost from these replies.

Works (58)

What to do now? I'm dying pls help me. And you want to know about where to read after the anime adaptations? About rereading it's up to you, always saw people saying that the anime adaptation was not good, personally i think that they covered all the events pretty good and obv some stuff was cut out.

Railgun doesn't have a novel and sisters arc is pretty much Mikoto's point of view, and imo it was even shown even better than in LN. Other than that there are side and parody stories which are also interesting, but overall there's quite a lot to read. Well gl with whatever you choose and i hope you enjoy it. So let me get this straight: If so how is it I found pictures on fandom?

What kind of bullshit is this? Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki. The rich text editor does not work with JavaScript switched off. Please either enable it in your browser options, or visit your preferences to switch to the old MediaWiki editor. Follow 5 Kudos. Alfha Robby. Loading editor. Edited by Alfha Robby Quote More History. Save changes Preview Cancel. Nice , are you going to updtate them when the new chapters come out?

Could you upload them somewhere please, Indonesia block that site now: You are awesome. Thanks for your work: Nii Kun. Edited by Wickling-fan The torrent Ultranova17 linked has vol NT 13 in the old style, but without translated pics.

Alfha Robby I thank you from the bottom of my heart. I bow to you. Herald of meridian removed this reply because:Chinese manhua are produced in color and thus easily recognizable, but aside from a few titles like the adaptations of Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, most manhua have not yet made a major impact on the U. While upward of twenty people may be involved in creating a U.

What kind of bullshit is this? Sign In Don't have an account? As they recovered from the war, these moments in history would become the touchstones for the creators about to reinvigorate the manga industry.

The verso is where to check the English language publishing date, the original publishing date, and the list of creators both on the Japanese side as well as the translators, editors, and designers working on the U.

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Look through my other posts. I enjoy pet. I relish reading comics painfully .