Correlated to the latest research and current language arts standards in most states, the instructional design of Building Vocabulary Skills & Strategies is. Building Vocabulary with. Meaningful Instruction. Jeanne Wanzek, Ph.D. Florida State University. Florida Center for Reading Research. The guide is one in a series that includes "Building Vocabulary Skills,". " Improving Vocabulary Skills," "Advancing Vocabulary Skills," and. "Instructors Manual.
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This Vocabulary Power workbook gives you the practice you need to expand your Essential Skills - Vocabulary Building Workbook - Publications du. The Vocabulary Building Workbook will help you improve your vocabulary .. After graduating, I focused on improving the skills that were important in my job. [email protected] Writing with Wow Words and Building Vocabulary. 2 The NBSS is funded by the Department of Education and Skills under the National.
Make Synonym Word Lists Do you find yourself turning to the same word again and again in your writing? Grab a piece of paper and write it at the top. Next, brainstorm or use a thesaurus to generate a list of ten to twenty new words you can use instead. You can keep these lists in a vocabulary notebook and add to them whenever you learn a new synonym.
Take a Writing Course There are plenty of online courses as well as in-person classes you can attend to boost your writing vocabulary and learn how to use new words correctly.
Try to find a self-paced course that uses assignments and quizzes to hep you increase fluency and brush up on your writing skills. Some classes are aimed at essay writing or creative writing, so you can find a class that will help you improve the style you need the most help with.
Edit Your Own Writing After you finish writing, be your own editor and go though the piece with a fine-toothed comb to identify overused and nondescript words with something more precise or colorful. It might help to read the sentences aloud, then note any lack of precision. Search through your memory for more descriptive words, or consult a thesaurus if you need to.
Moving words from your comprehensive, but passive vocabulary, to your active, expressive vocabulary is easier than you think. Say them out loud and use them at every opportunity to move them into your active set. Ask for Feedback Do you think your writing could use some help?
A second set of eyes can offer a great deal of insight and spot problems you may not notice yourself, including poor word choice. Carry a Dictionary and Thesaurus with You How often do you find yourself with free time and nothing to do? Whenever you have a few minutes to spare, read a page or two and learn a new word to add to your writing.
You can also use the dictionary or thesaurus to look up unfamiliar words you come across in your daily life. This form of advanced study will challenge your mind and give you a new set of words to use that are practical and offer your writing the clarity it needs.
This permission is limited to a single teacher, and does not apply to entire schools or school systems. Practice Page: Word Parts 2. Compound Words 1. Compound Words 2. Compound Words 3. Practice Page: Compound Words. Using Context Clues. Context Clues: Practice Page.
Parts of Speech 1. Parts of Speech 2. Parts of Speech 3. Parts of Speech 4. Parts of Speech 5. Parts of Speech: Adverbs.
Parts of Speech: Adverbs or Adjectives? Practice Page: Parts of Speech. Word Workout. Commonly Confused Words 1. Commonly Confused Words 2. Practice Page: Commonly Confused Words. Word Workshop. The Dictionary: Finding Your Word 1. The Dictionary: Finding Your Word 2. Vivid Words 1. Use grave as an adjective: Use target as a noun: Now think of a word that can be used as more than one part of speech. Write the word on the line below. Then write two sentences, using the word as two different parts of speech.
Fill in the blank with one of the words from the box. The first one has been done as an example. Candles and fresh flowers 7. My sister has pointed features, but It all depends on how the word is used in the sentence.
Write the part of speech of each numbered word on the lines after the paragraph. The hike to the top of Mount Baldy 1 was tough. It was a blistering day with 2 a temperature near 90 degrees. As the climb grew steeper, I could feel my new 3 boots blistering my heels. I could hear my pitiful whine echo off the cliffs.
When we reached the summit, the view was amazing. Write sentences using the same word in different ways. Follow the instructions. Use arm as a noun: Use feather as a noun: Use honor as a noun: Use model as a noun: Most adverbs end in ly. Choose the correct meaning of the boldface adverb. Harold Hilton hastily hid his hamburger.
Use New Words
Ricky reluctantly ran the relay. Victor vigorously varnished the veranda. Hector heartily hugged homesick Hilda. Sally suavely sipped sweet soda. Rhonda respectfully registered a reasonable request. Circle the adverb in each sentence. Then underline the word it describes. Row, row, row your boat, gently down the stream. Lee, you are urgently needed in surgery! Blank scolded Max for regularly being late to class. Tiger Tomlinson is surprisingly short for a basketball center.
The movie was a historically accurate version of the San Francisco earthquake.
Building Vocabulary Skills and Strategies Level 4
Not all words ending in ly are adverbs. Circle the word in each sentence that ends in ly. Friday is test day, and Jake hopes to bring up his grade average. Too much studying will send me to an early grave! I know you can shine!
He worked hard memorizing 8 historical facts. Read about each situation and think it over. Then write a few sentences describing the action. Vicky and Vince Vanderhoven have dinner guests. The Vanderhovens are tired. What might they say to encourage their guests to leave? Ray, the new teacher, is introducing herself to the class. She wants to make the classroom rules very clear. What might Ms. Ray say? David has come home late. His parents are waiting to hear his explanation. What might David say?
The radio announcer is broadcasting a warning. A hurricane is moving inland. It is likely to hit the town. What might the announcer say? Complete the sentences with the correct word from the box. Carefully read the meanings of the boldface words. Then write the correct word in each blank. Sarah Hill.
Replace the definitions in parentheses with words from the box. Write the answers on the crossword puzzle. In addition to being handsome, Rick is really smart. Angie decided to take the job offer. Kelly turned the key and next slowly opened the door. The theater exit is right next to the snack bar. All the students but Matt completed the test. Of rock music and blues, Marcus prefers the second of the two.
Clay is a better dancer as compared to a singer. There is a peacock running free in the neighborhood. Unscramble a word from the box to complete each rhyme. Use the hints in parentheses as clues. NOUN 5. VERB 3. Answer these questions. What is the base word of creation? What is the base word of review? What word could be an antonym of wait? What word could be a synonym of hurricane? What is another compound word that uses one of the word parts of sidewalk?
Circle the word in each pair that a dictionary would list first. Make an alphabetical list of ten objects you see. The guide word on the left names the first entry on the page. The other names the last. Draw a line to match each entry word with the guide words that would head its page in the dictionary. All entry words on the page fall alphabetically between the two guide words. Write another word that would be found on a page headed with the guide words listed. Use a dictionary for help.
Then write the guide words that head that page. A syllable is an individual sound within a word. Recognizing syllables can help you spell and pronounce a word correctly. Circle the word in each group that is correctly divided into syllables. Then write T for true or F for false beside each statement below. In a dictionary listing, the entry word is usually divided into syllables. Circle only the one-syllable words in the box below.
Now you try it! Use a dictionary to help you divide each word into syllables. Check your dictionary. Then draw sketches that illustrate two of the words listed on this page. Some of the words below are spelled correctly. Others are misspelled. Use a dictionary to check the spelling. Rewrite the misspelled words correctly. Write a short paragraph about a real or imaginary camping trip.
Use at least four of the words listed above. Be sure to spell them correctly! For words of two or more syllables, an accent mark shows which syllable is stressed, or emphasized. Circle the letter of the word that has the accent mark on the correct syllable. For help, say the word aloud and check the respelling in a dictionary. Draw sketches that illustrate two of the words above.
Saying a word correctly means stressing the correct syllable. Look up each word in the dictionary. Divide it into syllables. Then place an accent mark over the syllable that should be stressed. Circle the word in each pair that has two accented syllables.
Get help from your dictionary. California Delaware 5. Idaho Illinois 3. Say each boldface word aloud and study the respelling. Then circle the letter that correctly completes each sentence. Use a dictionary to doublecheck your answers. The e in arena is pronounced like the e in: When saying arena, you should stress the: The last syllable in invasion is pronounced like the last syllable in: The i in invasion is pronounced like the i in: The a in invasion is pronounced like the a in: When saying invasion, you should stress the: Use the sample dictionary entries below to decide if each statement is true or false.
Write T if you think the sentence is true. Write F if you think it is false. Rewrite each sentence. Replace the underlined words with one of the dictionary entry words—pang, snappy, guide—from the last lesson. On the third day of summer camp, Gina felt a sudden, strong feeling of homesickness. The bike chain may come off its track because the piece that directs it is broken.
The couple danced to the lively tune. Look up each boldface word in a dictionary. Notice its part of speech and circle it on this sheet. Next, circle the correct definition. Then use the word or a form of the word in a sentence. The different meanings will be numbered. First, read the dictionary definitions before each set of sentences. Then write the number of each definition next to the sentence that uses the word in that way.
Read the article about earthquakes. Find and list five words that are new to you. Look up each word in a dictionary. Then write the part of speech and definition that match the word as it is used in the article. Actually, however, as many as a million earthquakes may take place in a single year. Most occur beneath the sea. Relatively few tremors cause damage. Some, especially those near urban areas, do bring havoc. Exact predictions of earthquakes are almost impossible.
But geologists speculate where they most conceivably will occur. In earthquake zones, city codes may require that new structures conform to safety standards. Engineers adapt older buildings to meet these stipulations, usually by adding steel reinforcements. Check it out!
Your work on previous lessons will help you answer these questions. Which syllable is accented in the word igloo? How many syllables are there in the word performance? Is the i that begins invasion pronounced the same as the i in policy? Can guide be used as both a noun and a verb? What is an ember? What does emphatically mean? Divide Alaska into syllables. Then put the accent mark on the correct syllable. Does the entry for flute have an illustration?
Can welfare be used as both a noun and a verb? What are two meanings of the noun yarn? What part of speech is the word emphatically? Is the word cantene spelled correctly? You may also find a thesaurus on your computer. Write two synonyms for each word. Use a thesaurus for help. WORD 1. It can help you stretch your vocabulary and vary your word choices. To avoid repetition, improve the paragraph by replacing the numbered words with synonyms.
Write two synonyms on the lines that match the numbers. Do not use a synonym more than once. The Gorilla The gorilla is a huge animal. It looks more like a human being than any other animal.
The male gorilla is usually taller 1 than a human being. A gorilla is just as 2 strong as it is huge. It looks rather fierce. It will run from a fight whenever it can. When it is cornered, however, a gorilla will put up a fierce fight. Then, take away one letter from that word to spell a word that matches the second definition.
In an analogy, the two words in the first comparison have the same relation to each other as the two words in the second comparison. Sad is to frown as happy is to smile. Complete each analogy with a word from the box. Think about the comparisons being made in each analogy. Circle the word that completes the analogy.
Complete each analogy by writing the missing word on the puzzle. Dallas Cowboys are to football as L. Read the boldface word and its meaning.
Then change just one letter to spell a word that has the second meaning. Now, you provide words that match both definitions. Remember—to come up with the second word, just change one letter in the first word.
Many words have connotations, or emotional meanings. Put a minus — on the line if it has a negative connotation. Many have emotional meanings, too. Being aware of how people might react to the words you use will help you make vocabulary choices.
Each sentence has a pair of words with similar dictionary definitions. Look for the more positive word in each boldface pair. Write your answer to each question. Which would you rather have— a bold buddy or an impertinent pal? Who would you rather baby-sit— naughty Nathan or impish Ivan? Who makes a better neighbor— concerned Clara or nosy Nanette? When Wanda does her own thing, would she rather be called eccentric or weird?
Hillbilly Elegy: A Memoir of a Family and Culture in Crisis
What connotations do certain words carry for you? How do you react to these words? If you have an unpleasant reaction, write minus —. If you have no emotional reaction to the word, write zero 0.
Compare your answers with those of your classmates. On the lines below, write ten product names aimed at producing positive reactions. Think of car models, names of soaps and other household products, deodorants, cosmetics, perfumes, shampoos and other personal care products, processed foods, etc.
They are commonly used to mask a disagreeable, harsher connotation. Read each pair of synonyms words with similar meanings. Circle the euphemism better-sounding word or phrase. Use euphemisms to soften the harsh or distasteful language.
Butch the dog is a vicious menace. Montage is a nosy gossip. The old shack was full of stinky garbage. The restaurant toilets were near the entrance. The menu offered a choice of ground cow meat or ground pork flesh on a bun. A dysphemism, on the other hand, makes something seem worse. Replace the italicized dysphemisms with more neutral words and phrases. My uncle Waldo is a weirdo. Please pick up your junk!
That outfit makes you look like a slob! My sister Samantha is a bookworm. Decide if each statement is true or false. Write T for true and F for false. Complete each item. Rewrite the following sentence. Replace the underlined words with words that have a more positive connotation. My uncle Henry is stubborn and conceited and very odd. Write a euphemism for each of the following words.
Write a dysphemism for each of the following words. Add a rhyming word to complete each verse. To ward off cold winds on his chest, 5. Please hurry! Save my drowning cat! Krissy has a sickly pet. Continue to sharpen your rhyming skills. Circle the letter of the sentence that contains an idiom.
I shook my head to get the wasp out of my hair! Just get out of my hair and quit reminding me to study! When I baby-sat for naughty Nathan Nixon, I was tied up and left in the backyard. Are you serious about that, or are you pulling my leg?
A bolt of lightning hit the roof. The toddler wanted me to play with him, so he kept pulling my leg. When Lester got home after midnight, his parents hit the roof. Replace the italicized words in each item with one of the idioms in the box. Kendra planned a surprise birthday party for Micky, but Janice revealed the secret. Lamont and Carla argue about everything. They never agree. Paula had her party guests play silly games to help them feel comfortable with each other. She seems to Professor Lane is in a bad mood!
Match each idiom with its meaning. Write a letter by each number. For sure, you can have fun trying! Use the letters in the word definitions to write words that match each meaning. Think of some more words that can be formed from the letters in definitions.
Write your words on the lines below. Write words with four or more letters. Most months have standard abbreviations. If you saw the letters Jan. Circle the most common meaning of each boldface abbreviation. AZ azalea 3. RSVP reply, please 7. RN rent notice 8. MVP motor vehicle pool 9.
INTRODUCTION. Welcome to BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS & STRATEGIES!
CD compact disc Avenue Arizona Avon Arkansas chaplain street cod fish chapel Senior one cup Corporal return promptly reuse or save registered nurse railroad station movie playing Colorado cash on delivery Most Valuable Player comedian cut-off date Write three different abbreviations that you know, along with their meanings.
Treat it just as you would any other unfamiliar word. Look it up in the dictionary! Circle the abbreviation in each sentence. Then write its meaning. The house at Hemlock St. Joan of Arc was a peasant girl who led French soldiers to victory. The SS Liberty dropped anchor in several foreign ports. Andrew completed the application by filling in the blank with his SS number, The company advised consumers to send all requests to P. Box Classes will not meet on national holidays, i.
Curtis ordered the troops to withdraw. Write T or F to tell whether each statement is true or false. Rewrite the sentences you labeled false.
25 Ways to Improve Your Writing Vocabulary
Rewrite them as true statements. Use vivid words to communicate your ideas. Circle the word in each pair that creates the clearest picture. Form a picture in your mind.
Then choose words that describe it. The dog was on the cement. The car drove down the street. A noise was heard. Food was on the table.
The more specific the word, the clearer the picture! For example, mallard is more specific than duck. A specific word limits the idea and creates a clearer picture. Circle the most specific word in each italicized pair. Notice how the word nice is used in each sentence. Select a more specific synonym for nice from the box. Write it on the line after the sentence.
The nice millionaire donated much of his fortune to charities. When I eat dinner out, I always try to be nice. The comedy about the newlyweds was a nice movie.
On their seaside vacation, the Berg family enjoyed the nice weather. Victoria bought a nice dress for the spring dance. List specific words under each general word. Write as many new words as you can think of. Write eight original sentences. In each sentence, use at least one word that you listed in the last lesson. We call this alliteration. Read the following poem. Then answer the questions. Windy, wailing gusts brought rains That whispered on our windowpanes.
What first letter does the poet repeat? Which words begin with that letter? The tones of tiny, tinkling bells make me tingle to my toes. Secretive Sarah sneaked silently into the studio to snatch a snapshot. The bumbling burglar bumped into the banister and bungled the break-in. Write a sentence or short poem that makes use of alliteration. Think of a multiple-meaning word that matches all three meanings in each item.
Match each foreign word or phrase with its meaning. If you need help, check a dictionary. Read the sentences and notice the italicized foreign expressions. Circle the letter of the correct definition.
download a Ford! Let the downloader beware! Seize the day!download Power. If you visualize an elephant, you will realize that its front end and back end look very much the same. Add a rhyming word to complete each verse. For Part a, add a prefix to the base word. No other animal has a long trunk that is used not only as a proboscis that sniffs and breathes, but also as a hand.
How many syllables are there in the word performance? Stephanie is a bold individual whose clothing is very avant-garde. Syllables 1 The Dictionary Entry Word: Go fishing! What connotations do certain words carry for you?