Download or read Jazz Chord Hanon: 70 Exercises for the Beginning to Professional Pianist (Musicians Institute) by click link below Download. Here are graded études and progressive exercises for developing strength, facility, and necessary techniques in jazz piano styles. Included are elements of jazz Ebook Jazz Hanon (Hanon Series) pdf by Leo Alfassy download, download online book Jazz Hanon (Hanon Series) epub. Download book Jazz Hanon. Statistical mechanics: a survival guide epub · Applied Regression Analysis, Third Edition (Wiley iText in Action (second edition) pdf download · Applying Domain -Driven Design and Patterns: With To order, click here: Easy Jazz Piano Lessons from JazzPianoLessons. New Hanon, Jazz & Gospel Exercises DVDs.

Hanon Jazz Piano Exercises Epub Download

Language:English, French, Dutch
Genre:Politics & Laws
Published (Last):21.02.2016
ePub File Size:21.62 MB
PDF File Size:10.58 MB
Distribution:Free* [*Sign up for free]
Uploaded by: CARLINE

[PDF/ePub Download] easy jazz hanon eBook - computerescue.info Download 50 Exercises for the beginning to professional jazz pianist: livre: pdf: timparossa (17) . Hanon-online allows you to download free piano practice sheets Piano Technique Exercise N°1 from C. L. Hanon's piano book: The Virtuoso . good technique, regardless of the style you want to play -- pop, jazz, blues or classical. The Virtuoso Pianist by Hanon (in 30 Exercises on two sheets with fingering) Charles-Louis Hanon . Deneff, Peter: Jazz Chord Hanon (pour Piano). 3 sellers .

Analyzing a post-tonal piece from scratch. Standard music notation is another way of communicating songs on paper. What does Music Theory Grade 1 include? Supporting the teaching and learning of music in partnership with the Royal Schools of Music: Alfred's Essentials of Music Theory is designed for students of any age, whether listeners or performers, who want to have a better understanding of the language of music.

This book can teach anyone music theory and keep a smile on their face the entire time.

Understanding Basic Music Theory is a comprehensive insight into the fundamental notions of music theory: music notation, rules of harmony, ear training, etc. Learning guitar and becoming a good musician is, in many respects, tied to your knowledge of music theory.

Read More Music Theory may seem tedious and unnecessary, especially since not many people can read music. It follows closely the requirements for each of the eight grades of The Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music in their examinations on the Theory of Music.

Music is a very large subject, and the advanced theory that students will want to pursue after mastering the basics will vary greatly. All music theory articles are copyright Ricci Adams, reproduced by kind permission. In this all-in-one theory course, which includes books, CDs, games and software, students will learn the essentials of music through concise lessons, practice their music reading and writing skills in the book exercises, improve their Welcome to Opus Music Worksheets, a database of high quality, free printable music education resources for download, including free sheet music, music theory worksheets, music flashcards, music business forms, and many other free music learning resources for music teachers, music students, and parents.

With Music Theory For Dummies, understanding music has never been easier! It's the open directory for free ebooks and download links, and the best place to read ebooks and search free download ebooks.

Theory exercises will often include playing examples so that the student may apply the acquired knowledge to the skill of the instrument.

Free textbooks aka open textbooks written by knowledgable scholars are a relatively new phenomenon. Today, we try to answer it with seven essential books that bridge music, emotion and cognition, peeling away at that tender intersection of where your brain ends and your soul begins.

Free delivery worldwide on over 20 million titles. The handouts can also be used to reiterate music theory concepts learned during lessons, assigned as homework, or serve as practice tests.

Glossary of atonal musical terms. For over 60 years, we've been publishing and distributing publications for virtually every type of instrument and ensemble. We have all books You Are Looking For. The different activities can be customized to meet your needs.

Project Gutenberg is the oldest and quite possibly the largest library on the web, with literally hundreds of thousands free books available for download. Immediately following the theory page is a Alfred's Essentials of Music Theory is designed for students, whether listener or performer, who want to have a better understanding of the language of music.

Learning music theory is a journey that can be lots of fun, and very useful.


They can help you keep your skills sharp, as well as help you develop new ones. Twelve-Tone Theory. FREE Shipping on eligible orders. In written music, it might look like this: Or this if there are more than one : or The five horizontal lines on which the notes sit are called a staff. Download and print out a range of music worksheets and music theory worksheets, suitable for teaching all levels of music theory - download over free worksheets.

Music theory is the language of music and is knowledge every musician should have. The material covered by the different topics is of varying levels of complexity and targets different audiences.

It's also somewhat guitar-orientated and inevitably there's a few typos here and there.

This free book covers music theory fundamentals with 18 topics. Choose from used and new textbooks or get instant access with eTextbooks and digital materials. Our students learn to read, write, compose and publish music. For the exams. Trust me, theory doesn't have to be hard! Did I mention, it's free?!

If you use and like Free-scores. Musicians often nd it useful to talk about how much higher or lower one note is than another. Download syllabus from Sheet of blank chromatic-scale clock faces. Music may be used for artistic or aesthetic, communicative, entertainment, or ceremonial purposes. It also has a great guide to jazz guitar chords and progressions as well as a really handy blank chord manuscript charts which you can print out!

Download Music Theory may seem tedious and unnecessary, especially since not many people can read music. Classical musicians usually have to know this kind of notation.

I f you have already begun studying music theory but still have questions about some of the fundamental concepts and practices underlying tonal music—if there are still gaps in your knowledge—then please consider taking one of my books with you on your continuing search for musical understanding. All sheet music on this site is in the public domain and free to download, print, perform, and distribute.

Part 6: How to Top 50 Exercise Music Free Download with TunesGo TunesGo from Wondershare is an immensely popular and extremely efficient music platform for those who just cannot get enough of downloading music. Readers from countries and territories around the world have saved on FREE downloads of classic psychotherapy books.

Jeffrey Hall iBooks review www. The Preface is a good overview of the book, and the book reviews in the Reference section contains detailed reviews of the most relevant books. Revisiting Music Theory: A Guide to the Practice contains the basics of music theory with the vocabulary used in harmonic and formal analysis. Rock Guitar For Dummies. The definition of what constitutes music varies according to culture and social context. Open Music Theory. Piano theory worksheets give kids the extra practice they need to master the musical concepts and become proficient musicians.

Also see Volume Two for more theory, exercises, and reading skills. Singing, music theory, ear-training, rhythm reading and sight singing curriculum for Vocalists. I also play the flute and dabbled with the piano, guitar, trumpet, and clarinet.

We're here to make your learning experience fun, easy and inspiring by providing you with the All-in-One Ultimate Music Theory Program. Finding the right place to start can be hard Download LCM music theory books, graded past papers from grade 1 to grade 8 , wind and piano jazz studies, specimen aural tests and piano exam music from The London College of Music Examinations All topics are covered in a way that is directly relevant to the music played, with the focus very much upon how to apply theoretical knowledge in a practical music-making context.

Because music employs a set of pitches ranging from low to Degree and Lesson Handbooks.

The Best Free Ukulele Ebooks

You can download access here. Class Piano I. As with learning any new progression, you should study it by playing it in all twelve keys. Enviado por Lotfec. Five Essential 7th Chords Practice Play 1, 3, 5 and 7 of the scale together to form a chord. This forms the major 7th chord, Fmaj7. With the help of vocal "scat" syllables, the correct style In jazz, however, the emphasis is usually on beats Another approach is to work on playing by ear. Steps to the Real Book helps to foster both approaches.

PDF study guide: click link below to download Study Guide. Visit Us. Mail Us. Contact Us. The first of two Jazz Study books from the pen of John Kember, they are fantastic collections of studies and study pieces for the developing jazz pianist. Practice tests for the Quick Study component of the Jazz Piano exam. A large collection of very short studies covering many areas of piano technique. The difficulty starts at the intermediate level.

Read the music diligently listening to the sound of inter-related notes and their harmonic intent. If you are just starting out with jazz piano scale study, Also ensure that you learn the scales numerically as this will help you greatly with further scale study.

An additional PDF can be downloaded which contains the 3 types of minor scale. Aebersold - Vol 80 - Indiana. Full description. E3 and G3 are played with the fingers 5. These two fingers do not land simultaneously. The way to diagnose this problem is to try the 5,3 PS, and then test 3,5. If you have a problem, chances are that you have more of a problem with one than the other, or both. Typically, 3,5 is more difficult than 5,3 because of the bone structure in the forearm.

Work on the problematic PS s. Once you can play both PSs well, the interval should come out better. There is a smaller possibility that the problem lies in the 5,1 or 3,1 PSs, so if the 5,3 did not work, try these. One set mainly opens the palm and the other mainly spreads the fingers apart.

When stretching the hand to play wide chords, use mainly the set of muscles that open the palm. The feeling is that of spreading the palm but with free fingers; i. The second set of muscles simply spread the fingers apart. This spreading helps to widen the palm but it interferes with the finger movement because it tends to lock the fingers to the palm.

Cultivate the habit of using the palm muscles separately from the finger muscles. This will reduce both stress and fatigue when playing chords, and improve control. Of course, it is easiest to use both sets of muscles simultaneously, but it is useful to know that there are 2 sets of muscles when planning exercises and for deciding how to play chords.

Finger spreading: In order to test whether the fingers are fully stretched, open the palm to its maximum and spread the fingers for maximum reach; do this on a flat surface with the wrist touching the surface.

If the pinky and thumb form a almost straight line, the fingers will not stretch any more. Another way to test this alignment is to place the palm on a table top at the edge of the table with the thumb and pinky down the edge, so that only fingers 2, 3, and 4 are resting on the table top.

If the thumb and pinky form a triangle with the edge of the table, the stretch can be expanded. Perform a spreading exercise by pushing the hand towards the table edge so as to spread the thumb and pinky apart.

You can save some time by stretching one hand using the top edge of the piano while practicing HS with the other. One way is to place the right palm over the left palm, right arm pointing left and left arm pointing right, with the hands in front of the chest.

In this position, thumb meets pinky; interlock the thumbs and pinkies so that fingers 2,3,4 are on the palm side and 1,5 protrude on the back side of palm. Then push the hands towards each other so that thumbs and pinkies push each other back, thus spreading the palm. This is illustrated in the photo III. Also, exercise the palm and finger spreading muscles while simultaneously applying the pushing force.

This is not an isometric exercise, so the stretching motions should be quick and short. This ability to quickly stretch and immediately relax is important for relaxation. Regular stretching when young can make a considerable difference in the reach when you get older, and periodic maintenance will prevent the reach from decreasing with age. The webbings between fingers can be stretched by jamming them against each other using the two hands.

For example, to stretch the webbings between fingers 2 and 3, spread those 2 fingers on both hands to form Vs. Then jam the vertices of the 2 Vs against each other.

HANON DELUXE The Virtuoso Pianist Transposed In All Keys - Part I

For maximum effectiveness, use the palm and finger spreading muscles to stretch the palm with every jamming motion. Most people have a slightly larger left hand, and some can reach more by using fingers 1,4 than 1,5.

When playing wide chords, the thumb should be curved slightly inwards, not fully stretched out. For those who have thumbs that can bend backwards, pay attention to this thumb position for maximum stretch; if you form the habit of bending the thumb all the way backwards, this habit will be almost impossible to reverse and make TO difficult.

When playing chords, the hand must move to those chord positions, and these motions must be very accurate if the chords are to come out right.

Great pianists often appear to do that, but as we shall see below, they are not. Therefore, until you have perfected the jump movement and are able to feel the keys, any problems with playing chords may not be caused by lack of reach or finger control. It is now time to study how to execute jumps. These great pianists appear to jump effortlessly, playing notes or chords accurately from position to position no matter where they are. In reality, they are making several motions that are too fast for the eye to see unless you know what to look for.

Students with no jump training tend to move the hand along an inverted V motion. With this type of motion, it is difficult to hit a note or chord accurately because the hand is coming down at some arbitrary angle. This angle is never the same because it depends on the distance of jump, the tempo, how high the hand was lifted, etc. Coming down at an angle increases the possibility of missing the correct location, and the keys are played by a sideways motion instead of straight down.

Fast jumps are impossible because you can never get there in time. Jumps consist of two principal motions: A horizontal translation of the hand to the correct position The actual downward motion to play In addition, there are two optional motions: feeling the keys and the take-off motion.

This inverted U has short legs and a flat top. The first skill to practice is to make the horizontal motion as fast as possible so as to reserve enough time to locate the keys after the hand reaches its destination.

Locate the keys by feeling them before the actual playing. Feeling the keys is optional because it is not always necessary and sometimes, there is not enough time for it.

When this combination of motions is perfected, it looks as if it is done in one motion. Feeling the keys can be done surprisingly quickly. There is usually plenty of time to do this.

You might also like: AD PDF DOWNLOAD

Therefore, it is a good policy to always feel the keys when practicing jumps slowly. When all the skills listed here are perfected, there will be enough time to feel the keys even at the final speed. There are a few instances in which there is no time to feel the keys, and those few can be played accurately if you had located most of the other jumps accurately by feeling them. Another component of the jump is the take-off. Get into the habit of making quick takeoffs regardless of the speed of the jump.

There is nothing wrong with getting there way ahead of time. Even when practicing slowly, you should practice quick takeoffs so that the skill will be there when you speed up. Start the take-off with a small downward and sideways kick of the wrist; unlike the downward motion at the end, the take-off does not have to be straight up and it can be combined with the rapid horizontal travel.

Obviously, the entire jump procedure is designed for the hand to arrive at the destination quickly, accurately, and reproducibly so that there is plenty of time to play straight down and feel the keys.

The most important motion to practice once you know the components of a jump is to accelerate the horizontal travel. You will be surprised at how fast the hand can move horizontally. You may be amazed at how much faster you can move with only a few days of practice — something some students never achieve in a lifetime because they were never taught to practice it.

Practice feeling the keys whenever possible so that it becomes second nature and you can find the keys without looking at your hands. Once it is smoothly incorporated into your play, the audience will not notice that you are feeling the keys because it is done in a fraction of a second.

Like an accomplished magician, the hands will move faster than the eye can see. Now that you know the components of a jump, look for them when you watch concert pianists performing. You should now be able to identify each component, and you may be amazed at how often they feel the keys before striking them and how they can execute these components in the blink of an eye. These skills will also enable you to play, and even make long jumps, without looking at the hands.

The best way to practice fast horizontal motions is to do it away from the piano. Sit down with the elbow straight down, forearm pointing forward, fingers spread out in horizontal plane or in piano playing position. Quickly move the hand sideways, parallel to the floor, as in a jump motion.

What is Kobo Super Points?

Move the hand rapidly away from you and stop, then immediately relax; the shoulder does not move. Then move rapidly back to its original position. Practice these out and in motions, as fast as you can, but completely relaxing after each motion. Do not try to learn these motions in one day, although from day one, you should see immediate improvements in your jumps if you had never done this before. The most significant improvements will have to await post practice improvement, so it is futile to try to accomplish it in one day.

As you learn to accelerate the horizontal motion, jumps will immediately become easier. In order to reduce stress, relax all muscles as soon as the horizontal motion is over, and as soon as the notes are played..

This variation has large jumps in which the LH crosses over the RH. Practice accelerating the horizontal motion by playing at a slow tempo, but moving horizontally as quickly as you can, stopping over the correct position, feeling the keys and waiting before playing.

The idea here is to establish a habit of always getting to the destination ahead of time. Once the quick horizontal motion is satisfactory, speed up the tempo by reducing the waiting time before playing the notes. Then gradually combine all four jump components into one smooth motion.

Now your jump looks like that of those great pianists you envied! To stretch the flexor muscles for the fingers : with the palm of one hand, push the fingers of the other hand back towards the top of the forearm for photos, see Prokop, P.

People have very different flexibility and some will be able to push the fingers back so that the fingernails will touch the arm degrees from the straight forward position! The ability of the flexor muscles to stretch decreases with age; therefore, it is a good idea to stretch them frequently throughout life in order to preserve their flexibility. For stretching the extensor muscles, press the back of the fingers towards the bottom of the forearm.

There are numerous exercises in Sandor and Fink. These are interesting because each exercise is chosen to demonstrate a particular hand motion. In addition, the motions are often illustrated using passages taken from classic compositions by famous composers. There are now two schools of thought: those who think that the Hanon exercises are helpful and those who think they are a waste of time.

I used Hanon exercises extensively in my youth but I am now firmly in the anti- Hanon school. Below, I list some reasons why. Czerny, Cramer-Bulow, and related lesson pieces share many of these disadvantages.

Hanon is possibly the prime example of how intuitive methods can suck entire populations of pianists into using methods that are essentially useless, or even harmful. Hanon makes some surprising claims in his introduction with no rationale, explanation or experimental evidence. Most advanced teachers reading this introduction would conclude that this approach to acquiring technique is amateurish and would not work. Hanon implies that the ability to play these exercises will ensure that you can play anything — this is not only totally false, but also reveals a surprising lack of understanding of what technique is.

Technique can only be acquired by learning many compositions from many composers. There is no question that there are many accomplished pianists who use Hanon exercises. However, all advanced pianists agree that Hanon is not for acquiring technique, but might be useful for warming up or keeping the hands in good playing condition. There are many better pieces for warming up than Hanon, such as etudes, numerous Bach compositions, scales, and arps.

The skills needed to play any significant piece of music are incredibly diverse - almost infinite in number. All 60 are almost entirely two-hand exercises, in which the two hands play the same notes an octave apart, plus a few contrary motion exercises in which the hands move in opposite directions.

At slow speed, neither hand gets much workout. At maximum speed, the slow hand is stressed while the better hand is playing relaxed. Because technique is acquired mostly when playing relaxed, the weaker hand develops bad habits and the stronger hand gets stronger.

The best way to strengthen the weaker hand is to practice that hand only, not by playing HT. In fact, the best way to learn Hanon is to separate the hands as recommended in this book, but Hanon seems to have been unaware of that. To think that by playing HT, the weaker hand will catch up to the stronger hand, reveals a surprising ignorance for someone with so much teaching experience. Locking the two hands does help to learn how to coordinate the hands, but does nothing to teach independent control of each hand.

In practically all music, the two hands play different parts. Hanon is very limited; it teaches only a fraction of the total technique. There is no provision for resting a fatigued hand. This leads to stress and injury. The concept of relaxation is never even mentioned. Piano is an art for producing beauty; it is not a macho demonstration of how much punishment your hands, ears, and brain can take.

Such exercises might be performed up to the limit of human endurance, even until some pain is felt. This reveals a lack of proper education about what is needed to acquire technique. Of course, many students who routinely practice Hanon do succeed; in that case, they work so hard that they succeed in spite of Hanon.

The Hanon exercises are devoid of music so that students can end up practicing like robots. It does not require a musical genius to compile a Hanon type of exercises.

The joy of piano comes from the one-on-one conversations with the greatest geniuses that ever lived, when you play their compositions. For too many years, Hanon has taught the wrong message that technique and music can be learned separately. Bach excels in this respect; his music exercises both the hands and the mind. Many pianists use Hanon as warm-up exercises. Those who use Hanon for warm-ups can be misled into thinking that it is Hanon that is making their fingers fly, while in reality, after any good practice session, the fingers will be flying, with or without Hanon.

Some technique can be acquired using Hanon. But Hanon gives no instructions on how to acquire technique. The PS exercises provide both diagnostics and solutions for most situations. What little advice he does dispense, have all been shown to be wrong! I have never seen a famous pianist in concert lift the fingers high to play a fast run; in fact, I have never seen anyone do that! It is true that the extensor muscles are often neglected, but there are exercises for treating this problem directly.

He recommends continuous practicing of both hands, as if piano technique is some kind of weight lifting exercise. Students must never practice with fatigued hands. This is why the HS method of this book works so well. Once all 60 pieces are learned, every hour that Hanon is repeated is a wasted hour — what will we gain?

What are the Grades in Piano Study?

He is apparently aware of only the thumb under method, whereas the thumb over method is more important at faster speeds. In most of the exercises, he recommends fixed wrists which is only partially correct.

There is no way to practice a majority of the important hand motions, although there are a few wrist exercises for repetitions. His format of locked 2-hand practice limits the options for practicing different hand motions. The Hanon exercises do not allow for practicing at the kinds of speeds possible with the PS exercises.

Hanon wastes time. The student ends up with insufficient time to develop their repertoire or acquire real technique. A person who has 2 hrs to practice every day, playing Hanon for 1 hr as recommended, would waste half of his piano lifetime!

All the editions I have seen print out the entire runs, whereas all you need are at most 2 bars ascending and 2 bars descending and the final ending bar. Teachers can be classified into two types according to whether they teach Hanon or not. Those who do not teach Hanon tend to be more knowledgeable because they know the real methods for acquiring technique and are busy teaching them — there is no time left for Hanon.

Thus if you are looking for a piano teacher, choose from among those that do not teach Hanon, and you will increase the chances of finding a superior one. As we increase speed, such control becomes progressively difficult because human hands were not created for such speeds. However, the hands are complex and adaptable, and we know from history that such fast playing is possible.

The single most important concept for speed is finger motion at the knuckle joint. Every finger has 3 bones. The knuckle joint is the joint between finger and palm. For the thumb, the knuckle joint is very close to the wrist.

In speed play, consider each finger as a unit and simply move it at the knuckle joint. This motion has innumerable advantages. It uses only one finger-moving muscle which is also the fastest muscle. Moving the finger at the knuckle is especially important for the thumb. Involving any other finger-bending muscle would complicate the motion, creating nerve-impulse delays that start all the way from the brain. This also explains why flat finger positions are faster than curled positions.

Motion at the knuckle is also most conducive to relaxation — in speed play, rapid relaxation becomes more important. The 3 components of the basic keystroke a.

The downstroke must be as fast as possible. The hold is important because you must instantly relax during the hold, yet not lift the finger so that the backcheck is not prematurely released. Then the lift stroke must come at exactly the correct time, and likewise accelerated.

In section a. Introduction: Intrinsic, Limbering, and Conditioning Exercises , we saw that all muscle bundles consist of fast and slow muscles; therefore, we need to develop fast muscles and fast nerve responses when practicing for speed, and reduce the amount of slow muscles. Practicing with all your strength for hours will be counterproductive.

It also means that speed is going to take some time to develop because of the need to grow the necessary cells in the brain, muscles, and nerves. It is important to learn the speed motions. Practice each stroke component separately, then assemble them after they are all accelerated.

This means practicing each note slowly, but executing each component rapidly. If you play lots of notes rapidly, you may never get it right. The simplest way to practice the speed stroke is to play the 5 notes, C-G, in succession, carefully practicing each stroke component. For the downstroke, practice the motion as rapidly as you can, yet retain the ability to control the loudness, and to keep a steady residual pressure for the hold component, and immediately relaxing.

This is similar to the basic keystroke except that everything must now be accelerated. During the transition to the hold, practice immediate relaxation while maintaining enough pressure to hold the backcheck in place.

Then rapidly raise the finger for the lift component at the same time that the next finger executes the downstroke. All the non-playing fingers should be touching the key tops, not waving high above the keys. It may be easier to first practice the notes in pairs, Play at one or two notes per second initially, and speed up gradually.

Exaggerate the lift stroke because the extensor muscles are too weak for most people and need extra workout. Involve the whole body while staying relaxed; the feeling is that each note originates from the bottom of the stomach. For these exercises, the objective is quick strokes, not how fast you can play successive notes. Fast play cannot be accomplished by learning one skill; it is a combination of many skills, and that is another reason why it takes time to learn.

Speed is like a chain, and the maximum speed is limited by the weakest link in the chain. As the speed is increased, it becomes obvious that the basic keystroke must be abbreviated in order to play beyond a certain speed.

The first change is to discard the hold which only wastes time. There must be an instant of relaxation between the downstroke and lift. Bad habits often creep in when practicing for speed. That is clearly one way to create stress and build a speed wall because opposing muscles are fighting each other. We consider several general speed motions here; there are additional particular tricks for practically every difficult fast passage.

This is why exercises such as Hanon are so harmful — they deprive students from learning these particular tricks, by misleading them into thinking that learning Hanon will solve all general and particular problems. Here are a few general methods that apply to broad classes of applications. The parallel sets teach all the fingers to move simultaneously so that successive notes can be played much more rapidly than the speed of each finger.

But without first establishing a solid basic keystroke, the parallel sets can end up teaching numerous bad habits resulting in sloppiness.So What are they? These compound sets will require quite a bit of skill. Now practice connected PSs; e.

Because technique is acquired mostly when playing relaxed, the weaker hand develops bad habits and the stronger hand gets stronger. Practicing difficult passages with inordinate effort at lifting this finger higher can cause stress in fingers 3 and 5. The total number of exercises is much larger than you would initially think. It will teach you how to read music and more.

However, periodic, brief, excursions into your fastest playing are necessary for exploration purposes. When playing wide chords, the thumb should be curved slightly inwards, not fully stretched out. These worksheets are grouped into different music theory topics.

DAVINA from Orange
Feel free to read my other articles. I have a variety of hobbies, like video game. I enjoy reading novels viciously.