Nutshell Handbook, the Nutshell Handbook logo, and the O'Reilly logo are registered trademarks of O'Reilly Media, Inc. HTML5 Pocket Reference, the image of. If you need all the basic tags ready for reference related to 'embed attributes', ' HTML5 New Tags', and 'Collective Character Objects', then the. This document is an Editors Draft of the “HTML5 Reference” produced by the HTML Working Group, part of the HTML Activity. The working group is working on .
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It is conventional to use their canonical case, but this is not required. For example, they could be written in all uppercase or mixed case, depending on your own preferences. Refer to the definition of each element if in doubt. Some authors choose to include a space before the slash in the self-closing tag.
This practice is based upon a convention that originated within the compatibility guidelines in XHTML 1. However, adherence to this convention is unnecessary. The permitted syntax of each element and its content model varies based on the type of element. The term empty element is used to describe an element that contains no content. Elements of any type can be empty, depending on their content model.
Depending on the type, these are represented either by a start tag that is immediately closed, either implicitly or by the presence of an end tag , or by using the self-closing tag syntax.
Example: An empty span element. These requirements only apply to the HTML syntax. In XHTML, all such elements are treated as normal elements , but must be marked up as empty elements.
These elements are forbidden from containing any content at all. The section element represents a generic document or application section. A section, in this context, is a thematic grouping of content, typically with a header and possibly a footer. The nav element represents a section of a page containing primary navigation links to other pages or to parts within the page. The article element represents an independent section of a document, page, or site.
This could be a forum post, a magazine or newspaper article, a blog entry, a user-submitted comment, or any other independent item of content. The aside element represents a section of a page that consists of content that is tangentially related to the content around the aside element, and which could be considered separate from that content.
Such sections are often represented as sidebars in printed typography. The header element represents the header of a section, typically containing headings and subheadings, and other metadata about the section. The footer element represents a footer of a section, typically containing information such as who wrote it, links to related documents, and copyright notices.
The address element represents the contact information for the section it applies to. If it applies to the body element , then it instead applies to the document as a whole. A typical document is often structured into different sections and subsections, with each potentially having its own heading and possibly a subheading.
These heading and sectioning elements provide a way for this structure to be conveyed to the reader. The p element represents a paragraph. The hr element represents a paragraph -level thematic break, e. The pre element represents a block of preformatted text, in which structure is represented by typographic conventions rather than by elements. The dialog element represents a conversation.
The blockquote element represents a section that is quoted from another source. The ol element represents an ordered list. The ul element represents an unordered list. The dl element introduces an association list containing groups of terms and associated descriptions. The dt element represents the term, or name, part of a term-description group in a description list dl element , and the talker, or speaker, part of a talker-discourse pair in a conversation dialog element. The dd element represents the description, definition, or value, part of a term-description group in a description list dl element , and the discourse, or quote, part in a conversation dialog element.
If the a element has an href attribute, then it represents a hyperlink. The Command interface must also be implemented by this element.
The q element represents a phrase quoted from another source. The cite element represents the title of a work, such as an article, a book, a poem, a song, a film, or any other creative work. The em element represents stress emphasis of its contents.
The strong element represents strong importance for its contents. The small element represents small print part of a document often describing legal restrictions, such as copyrights or other disadvantages , or other side comments. The mark element represents a run of text in one document marked or highlighted for reference purposes, due to its relevance in another context.
The dfn element represents the defining instance of a term, where its definition is provided nearby. The abbr element represents an abbreviation or acronym, optionally with its expansion. The progress element represents the completion progress of a task. The meter element represents a scalar measurement within a known range, or a fractional value.
The code element represents a fragment of computer code. The var element represents a variable, such as in a mathematical expression or programming context, or it could just be a term used as a placeholder in prose. The samp element represents sample output from a program or computing system. The kbd element represents user input typically keyboard input, although it may also be used to represent other input, such as voice commands.
The sup element represents a superscript and the sub element represents a subscript. The i element represents a span of text in an alternate voice or mood, or otherwise offset from the normal prose, such as a taxonomic designation, a technical term, an idiomatic phrase from another language, a thought, a ship name, or some other prose whose typical typographic presentation is italicized.
The b element represents a span of text to be stylistically offset from the normal prose without conveying any extra importance, such as key words in a document abstract, product names in a review, or other spans of text whose typical typographic presentation is boldened. The bdo element allows authors to override the Unicode bidi algorithm by explicitly specifying a direction override.
The ruby element allows one or more spans of phrasing content to be marked with ruby annotations. Ruby annotations are short runs of text presented alongside base text, primarily used in East Asian typography as a guide for pronounciation or to include other annotations. In Japanese, this form of typography is also known as furigana. The rt element marks the ruby text component of a ruby annotation.
The ins element represents an addition to the document. The del element represents a removal from the document.
The iframe element introduces a new nested browsing context. The embed element represents an integration point for an external typically non-HTML application or interactive content. Depending on the type of content instantiated by the embed element, the node may also support other interfaces. The object element can represent an external resource, which, depending on the type of the resource, will either be treated as an image, as a nested browsing context , or as an external resource to be processed by a plugin.
Depending on the type of content instantiated by the object element, the node may also support other interfaces.
HTML Cheat Sheet
The param element defines parameters for plugins invoked by object elements. A video element represents a video or movie. An audio element represents a sound or audio stream. The source element allows authors to specify multiple media resources for media elements. The canvas element represents a resolution-dependent bitmap canvas, which can be used for rendering graphs, game graphics, or other visual images on the fly. The map element, in conjunction with any area element descendants, defines an image map.
The area element represents either a hyperlink with some text and a corresponding area on an image map , or a dead area on an image map. The table element represents data with more than one dimension a table. The caption element represents the title of the table that is its parent, if it has a parent and that is a table element. The colgroup element represents a group of one or more columns in the table that is its parent, if it has a parent and that is a table element.
If a col element has a parent and that is a colgroup element that itself has a parent that is a table element, then the col element represents one or more columns in the column group represented by that colgroup. This interface defines one member, span. The tbody element represents a block of rows that consist of a body of data for the parent table element, if the tbody element has a parent and it is a table. The thead element represents the block of rows that consist of the column labels headers for the parent table element, if the thead element has a parent and it is a table.
The tfoot element represents the block of rows that consist of the column summaries footers for the parent table element, if the tfoot element has a parent and it is a table. The tr element represents a row of cells in a table. The td element represents a data cell in a table. The th element represents a header cell in a table. The form element represents a collection of form-associated elements , some of which can represent editable values that can be submitted to a server for processing.
The fieldset element represents a set of form controls grouped under a common name. The label represents a caption in a user interface.
The input element represents a typed data field, usually with a form control to allow the user to edit the data. The button element represents a button. If the element is not disabled , then the user agent should allow the user to activate the button. The select element represents a control for selecting amongst a set of options.
The datalist element represents a set of option elements that represent predefined options for other controls. The contents of the element represents fallback content for legacy user agents, intermixed with option elements that represent the predefined options. In the rendering, the datalist element represents nothing and it, along with its children, should be hidden.
The optgroup element represents a group of option elements with a common label.
The option element represents an option in a select element or as part of a list of suggestions in a datalist element. The output element represents the result of a calculation.
The details element represents additional information or controls which the user can obtain on demand. The command element represents a command that the user can invoke. The bb element represents a user agent command that the user can invoke.
The menu element represents a list of commands. The div element represents nothing at all. These elements are obsolete and should not be used by authors. However, they are documented here because they are supported by browsers, along with notes about conforming alternatives that may be used instead.
Notes are used throughout this document to provide additional information. Tips are used to provide useful hints and suggestions.
CSS Cheat Sheets
Warnings are used to point out common authoring errors and highlight important issues to be aware of. In some cases, the markup is the same and thus only one example is needed, but in others there may be differences syntactic differences.
Sometimes, erroneous examples are included. This is usually done to illustrate common authoring errors, bad practices and other issues to be cautious of. Unless explicitly stated otherwise for a specific purpose, all attribute values in examples are quoted using double quotes. In HTML, however, the trailing slash is optional and, unless explicitly stated otherwise, is always omitted. In such cases, the following prefixes are assumed to be defined even if there is no xmlns attributes in the fragment of code.
Start tag: Contained By: As the root element of a document. Wherever a subdocument fragment is allowed in a compound document. Content Model: A head element followed by a body element.
Attributes Global attributes manifest. HTML Example: As the first element in an html element. One or more elements of metadata content , of which exactly one is a title element. Attributes Global attributes. Metadata content. In a head element containing no other title elements.
In a head element containing no other base elements. Attributes Global attributes href target. Where metadata content is expected. In a noscript element that is a child of a head element. Attributes Global attributes href rel media hreflang type sizes Also, the title attribute has special semantics on this element.
If the charset attribute is present, or if the element is in the Encoding declaration state: If the http-equiv attribute is present, and the element is not in the Encoding declaration state: If the name attribute is present: Attributes Global attributes name http-equiv content charset. If the scoped attribute is present: If the scoped attribute is absent: Depends on the value of the type attribute.
Attributes Global attributes media type scoped Also, the title attribute has special semantics on this element. Flow content. Phrasing content. Where phrasing content is expected. If there is no src attribute, depends on the value of the type attribute.
If there is a src attribute, the element must be either empty or contain only script documentation. Attributes Global attributes src async defer type charset. In a head element of an HTML document , if there are no ancestor noscript elements. Where phrasing content is expected in HTML documents , if there are no ancestor noscript elements. When scripting is disabled , in a head element: When scripting is disabled , not in a head element: Sectioning root.
As the second element in an html element. Attributes Global attributes onbeforeunload onerror onhashchange onload onmessage onoffline ononline onpopstate onresize onstorage onunload.
Sectioning content. Where flow content is expected. Heading content. Flow content , including at least one descendant that is heading content , but no sectioning content descendants, no header element descendants, and no footer element descendants.
Flow content , but with no heading content descendants, no sectioning content descendants, and no footer element descendants. Flow content , but with no heading content descendants, no sectioning content descendants, no footer element descendants, and no address element descendants.
Zero or more pairs of one dt element followed by one dd element. Attributes Global attributes cite. Zero or more li elements. Attributes Global attributes reversed start. Inside ol elements. Inside ul elements. Inside menu elements.
Attributes Global attributes If the element is a child of an ol element: Zero or more groups each consisting of one or more dt elements followed by one or more dd elements. If you wish to download this as.
Your email address will not be published. Thank you, Keep up the good work.
People tend to think who cares if we maintain these things but they turn out to be life savers for some. How to print this.
HTML Cheat sheet in. Or maybe there is a file with code, so I open it in VS and print? Hi Robert, thanks for this awesome compilation. Due to your valuable work, finally I have figured out with my project!! Thank you very much. Hi, thanks for the abundance of knowledge presented here in pdf and image file. Would have to get them on pc, ipad and phone for easy reference. I find the following comments very encouraging: Just another thank you very much for your hard work to another novice web designer learning more of the basics than just drag and drop.
This was extremely helpful in that journey. Great site! There is no download button on this link.
Printing with CSS. Typeset quality PDF. Web Standard Compliant.
If you want to download the sheet as a. Thanks so much. These are great references. Just started with css so your guide is excellent. I think I need to print these cheat sheets out and stick them on my wall… lots to learn! My short term memory is a LOT worse than that of the average person which makes learning programming or scripting more difficult for me. So, the table should read: Many thanks for sharing this! I started learning HTML and CSS like a week ago and I was looking for something just like your cheat sheets to help me with the tags, hopefully I will remember most of them soon.
Is it too much to ask for the. HTML file? Hey John.
HTML Cheat Sheet (New HTML5 Tags Included)
JQ cheat sheet is located here: Thank you so much for sharing this with all. Please give 3. Kindly make it in white background so that it can be cheaper printing it the dark background will consume too much ink. And lastly, not forgetting to make it down-loadable. Thanks alot for this, really helpful for the beginners rather than opening books and looking onto the internet.
Completely new to html…. I have an aerial view of a campus and have a img map created with click able areas.In HTML5 the media attribute can now also be applied to a hyperlink. This is similar to the concept of inline level elements in HTML 4.
Dan G November 25, at 7: Well composed. The attribute value must delimited by single-quote characters ' before and after the value, and must not contain any single-quote characters or an ambiguous ampersands in between.
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