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A site for software testers. We provide free online tutorials on Manual & Automation Testing - Selenium, QTP, LoadRunner, Testing Tools and many more . Manual Testing is a type of software testing where Testers manually execute test cases without using any automation tools. Manual testing is. Testing is the process of evaluating a system or its component(s) with the intent to find This tutorial will give you a basic understanding on software testing, its types, methods, levels, and .. Manual Testing. Software Testing Tools.
All the developers, Database Administrators and Testers gathered in my cube room. No body could tell exactly what was wrong with it. Finally, one smart guy checked into the database and found out that one of the files in the database was closed.
The status of all the files should be in the open status.
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When the user enters and Login Name and Password, then Password should be encrypted. One of the Test Cases was that I needed to open database and see whether the password is encrypted or not.
I found out it was not encrypted. I reported it as a bug defect and it was fixed in the next release build. The user logs in by using User Name and Password. After that the system application gives a number of branch locations. I logged this defect as a critical defect. When the developers and database administrator looked into it, then they found out that in one of the tables, the data was not recorded.
For some reason, in one of the tables, it was blank null. Once they wrote a small code to populate data enter data to the table, the application started working.
Once the document was uploaded, I saw that the fields in the. For example, the First Name displayed in the Last Name section. Date of Birth displayed in the Social Security Number field and so on. We found out that the problem was a mapping problem remember this word. Once the mapping was correct, I tested in the new build. It was fixed. Once the developer fixed it, it still displayed the same thing because it was in the servers memory and could not go. Now, I had to reset memory of the server from my machine.
It took me to the server memory and I selected section and submitted the query and it was cleared.
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Retested again and it is now OK. When clicked only once, the button works fine. Once all the fields are entered on the one of the pages, we had Print Preview button. If the user clicks this button, we were supposed see the same information in a new window in PDF format. Here, you should be careful not to say any negative words about the past boss. This will give a reflection that you cannot work with different nature of people.
You should be able to show them that you can cope with any king of boss. Therefore, just take an idea below how the answer should be. Answer: I can hardly think of any Manager that was really bad. But when I compare, then I remember of a Test Lead who was just made a lead from the developers team. She used to feel that she has been very proud of her position and used to boss around. Some times, she used to call home and check where I was and what I was doing. Or have I completed my job before leaving and so on.
I think, whatever she did, was in the benefit of the company and myself in the long run which would give me more confidence in future. What do you like about QA? For example, we have to work right from reading the requirement documents, providing feedback to the Business Analysts as necessary, writing test plans, test cases, execute the test cases, interaction with different developers, attend walk-through meeting and so on.
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I am a very detailed oriented person. Finally, I love logging defects. What are all the basic elements in a defect report? What is the difference between verification and validation? Verification: Verification is a process to ensure that the software that is made, matches the original design. In other words, it checks whether the software is made according to the criteria and specification described in the requirement document.
It is to check whether you built the product right as per design. It is a low level checking. It is done in walk-through meetings generally. It checked whether it is made accordingly to the design.. It checks whether you built the right thing.
It checks whether it is designed properly. How do you know it is sufficient testing? Answer: Every company has entry and exit criteria. When we test applications, we refer to exit criteria. When we are about to finish testing, then the QA Team QA Manager refers to the exit criteria exit criteria tells the level of defect that you can be comfortable with before it goes to production. Once the exit criteria meet the requirements, then the software is considered to be sufficiently tested.
Every company has entry and exit criteria. How to derive test scenarios and use cases? What are the contents and format? Answer: Test scenarios are derived from requirement documents. We follow each and every functionality called business rules mentioned in the requirement document. One functionality can have multiple business rules.
For example, one scenario is, enter the right User ID and wrong password. The system should display an error message.
Another scenario would be to enter wrong User ID and right Password. The third scenario could be to enter the right User Name and right Password.
The system should allow the user to get into the system. This is how the test cases are derived from the requirement documents or from the Use Cases. For contents for formats of test scenario, please refer to question 4 in qaquestions. What are the types of test cases that you write? Answer: We write test cases for smoke testing, integration testing, functional testing, regression testing, load testing, stress testing, system testing and so on.
How to write Integration test cases? Since Integration Testing is a test to check whether the all the modules are integrated together or not meaning that when the developers compile all their module and make a build, all modules should be working when they are combined together and those modules when combined, should work as expected.
If they are not integrated combined in a nice way, then the application breaks.
Basically, when we do the functional testing, the integration testing is automatically done. This is my experience. How to write Regression test cases? What are the criteria? Answer: Regression test cases are also based on the requirement documents. They are written more into detail and with every release build , the testers need to do regression testing. The criteria for regression testing are; there should be no major defects while we do our smoke test and functional testing.
Is there a format for a test case? Do you follow any methodology for numbering test cases? It depends upon the company how the company has followed the numbering of test cases.
However, normally, it is just a simple numbering in most of the time see question 4 of qaquestions. But some companies may also relate this numbering to the requirement number. What is Test Harness? Answer: Definition from www. It has two main parts: the test execution engine and the test script repository. However, specifically for User Acceptance Testing, the testers use data nearly real data meaning that the data is very much similar to the production data or real data.
For the format, please refer to question 3 and 4 in qaquestions. What are the different matrices that you follow? So, with the help of Traceability Matrix we make sure that we includes all the functionalities in our test cases according to the requirement document. Explain Bug Life Cycle. Answer: I would describe this as below: A Tester finds a defect and logs it. If it is disapproved, then the test lead will come to you ask for more details and you have explain to him why it is a bug After the Test Lead approves the bug, it is now assigned to a development Team Lead or Development Manager.
The developer now looks into the bug and fixes it. Once the fix is ready, there will be another build ready to test. The tester now tests the defect. It the defect is fixed, then the tester closes the defect, if not then the test will reopen it and same cycle starts. Defect Life Cycle What will you do if developer does not accept the bug? Answer: If the developer does not accept the defect, then he will reject it.
Once it is rejected, then it comes back to the tester. Now, the tester will ask for clarification with the developer why the defect is rejected. Since everything is based on the requirement documents, both tester and developer will have to look at the requirement document, validate it and then reopen it if necessary or close.
What are the different tests that can be done for Client Server Application and Web-based Application. Give details. Answer: For both client server and web based applications, the testing is the same except one thing: We test web based applications in different browsers, for example, Internet Explorer will test in different versions like IE 5.
What is an inspection? Answer: An inspection is a formal meeting, more formalized than a walkthrough and typically consists of people including a moderator, reader the author of whatever is being reviewed and a recorder to make notes in the document.
The subject of the inspection is typically a document, such as a requirements document or a test plan. The purpose of an inspection is to find problems and see what is missing, not to fix anything. The result of the meeting should be documented in a written report. Attendees should prepare for this type of meeting by reading through the document, before the meeting starts; most problems are found during this preparation. Preparation for inspections is difficult, but is one of the most cost-effective methods of ensuring quality, since bug prevention is more cost effective than bug detection.
Give me five common problems that occur during software development. Answer: Poorly written requirements, unrealistic schedules, inadequate testing, adding new features after development is underway and poor communication.
Requirements are poorly written when requirements are unclear, incomplete, too general, or not testable; therefore there will be problems. The schedule is unrealistic if too much work is crammed in too little time. Software testing is inadequate if none knows whether or not the software is any good until customers complain or the system crashes.
What is the role of documentation in QA? Answer: Documentation plays a critical role in QA. QA practices should be documented, so that they are repeatable. Specifications, designs, business rules, inspection reports, configurations, code changes, test plans, test cases, bug reports, user manuals should all be documented. Ideally, there should be a system for easily finding and obtaining of documents and determining what document will have a particular piece of information.
Use documentation change management, if possible. Answer: In this situation the best bet is to have test engineers go through the process of reporting whatever bugs or problems initially show up, with the focus being on critical bugs. Since this type of problem can severely affect schedules and indicates deeper problems in the software development process, such as insufficient unit testing, insufficient integration testing, poor design, improper build or release procedures, managers should be notified and provided with some documentation as evidence of the problem.
How do you know when to stop testing?
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Answer: This can be difficult to determine. Many modern software applications are so complex and run in such an interdependent environment, that complete testing can never be done.
Common factors in deciding when to stop are… Deadlines, e. Use risk analysis to determine where testing should be focused. This requires judgment skills, common sense and experience. What can be done if requirements are changing continuously? Answer: Work with management early on to understand how requirements might change, so that alternate test plans and strategies can be worked out in advance.
Answer: It may take serious effort to determine if an application has significant unexpected or hidden functionality, which it would indicate deeper problems in the software development process.
If not removed, design information will be needed to determine added testing needs or regression testing needs. Management should be made aware of any significant added risks as a result of the unexpected functionality. Fuzz Testing is a type of testing where automated or semi-automated testing What is Dynamic Testing?
Dynamic Testing is defined as a software testing type, which checks the SAP Tutorials. Net C CodeIgniter. Blockchain Go Programming Reviews. Tableau Talend ZooKeeper. Artificial Intelligence Keras. R Programming TensorFlow.
Data Science PyTorch. Manual Testing Tutorial for Beginners: Concepts, Types, Tool. Software Testing. What is Recovery Testing? Recovery Testing is defined as a software testing type, that is What's is Agile? Agile methodology is a practice which promotes continuous iteration of Automation Testing is use of tools to execute test cases.
To check if the team has all the necessary resources to execute the testing activities. To check if testing is going hand in hand with the software development in all phases. Prepare the status report of testing activities. Required Interactions with customers. Updating project manager regularly about the progress of testing activities.
Based on the information procured in the above step decide how it is to be tested. Inform the test lead about what all resources will be required for software testing. Develop test cases and prioritize testing activities. Execute all the test case and report defects, define severity and priority for each defect. Carry out regression testing every time when changes are made to the code to fix defects.
Overview Of Software Engineering Team How a software application shapes up during the development process entirely depends on the how the software engineering team organizes work and implements various methodologies. For an application to develop properly, it is important that all processes incorporated during the software development are stable and sustainable.
Many times developers come under pressure as the delivery date approaches closer this often affects the quality of the software. Rushing through the processes to finish the project on time will only produce a software application which has no or minimal use for the customers. Hence, work organization and planning is important and sticking to the plan is very important.
The project manager should ensure that there are no obstacles in the development process and if at all there is an issue it must be resolved with immediate attention. Overview Of Software Testing Team How soon and how well you can achieve your testing goals depends solely on the capabilities of the testing team. Within the testing team itself it is important to have the correct blend of testers who can efficiently work together to achieve the common testing goals.
While forming a team for testing, it is important to ensure that the members of the team jointly have a combination of all the relevant domain knowledge that is required to test the software under development. It is very important to ensure that the software testing team has a proper structure.
The hierarchy and roles should be clearly defined and responsibilities too should be well defined and properly distributed amongst the team members. When the team is well organized the work can be handled well. If every team member knows what duties he or she has to perform then they will be able to finish their duties as required well within the time limit. It is very important to check what kind of defects the tester is able to uncover and what kind of detects he tends to miss.
This will give you a fair idea about how serious your team is about the work. All the team members should work together to prepare a document that clearly defines the roles and responsibilities of all the team members. Once the document is prepared the role of each member should be communicated clearly to everyone. Once the team members are clear about who is going to handle which area of the project, then in case of any issue it will be easy to determine who needs to be contacted.
Each member of the team should be provided with the necessary documents that provide information on how the task would be organized, what approach will be followed, how things are scheduled, how many hours have been allocated to each member and all details related to applicable standards and quality processes. Software Tester Role A Software tester software test engineer should be capable of designing test suites and should have the ability to understand usability issues.However, maintaining a grid with all required browsers and operating systems is a challenge.
The system should allow the user to get into the system. The way QA process works is just the kind of work I like. Prasad Ch. The developer now looks into the bug and fixes it. What was that?