Rules of the game: NCAA Football Rules and Interpretations (download or order). NCAA Football Rules. Committee. The chart below lists the members of the committee who voted on and approved the rules included in this edition of the book. NCAA GENERAL INFORMATION, NCAA CONVENTION, RESEARCH REPORTS , RECORDS BOOKS. General Info Brochures · NCAA Travel Handbook.
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NCAA rulebook. Articles changes are highlighted as Test and improve your American football rules knowledge on computerescue.info Start your free demo now!. NCAA member institutions and affiliated officiating organizations shall conduct all contests under the official football-playing rules of the Association. What is college football's unsportsmanlike conduct rule? Per the NCAA rulebook, players can't do things that “provoke ill will or are demeaning.
This slide is interpreted as intentionally downing the ball, and opponents may then be penalized for hitting him. In amateur football, a runner is downed when any part of his body other than his hands or feet touches the ground at any time unless he is the holder for a place kick. In professional football, the runner is not down for such accidental contact; he must be down by contact with an opponent as described above.
The runner goes out of bounds: that is, any part of his body including his hands or feet touches the ground, or anything other than another player or an official, on or past a sideline or an endline.
Note that the sideline itself is out of bounds, so that the runner is deemed out of bounds if he steps on or touches any part of it. Note also that a runner may carry the ball in such a manner that it is over the sideline, so long as the ball or runner does not touch anything out of bounds. The runner's forward progress toward the opponents' goal line is stopped by contact with an opponent, with little chance to be resumed.
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The exact moment at which the player's forward progress stops is subject to the judgment of the officials. In particular, for the protection of the quarterback, he is considered down as soon as an official judges that he is in the grasp of an opponent behind the line of scrimmage, and the tackling defensive player s will be awarded with a sack.
If he is driven backward by the opponent, the ball will be spotted where his forward progress was stopped. Scrimmage downs[ edit ] The majority of a football game takes place on plays, or downs, that begin at the line of scrimmage. The officials spot the ball place it in a designated spot on the field on the line of scrimmage and declare it ready for play.
Main article: American football positions The width of the spotted football defines the width of the neutral zone , an area of the field no player other than the snapper may position himself in or above before the snap.
Each team has its own line of scrimmage, thought of as a vertical plane from sideline to sideline that passes through the point of the ball nearest its own goal line.
A formation at the line of scrimmage. Offensive players are marked by O symbols, defensive players by X symbols. This diagram shows two of the most common formations, the offense is in the I formation while the defense is in the 4—3 formation. There are many different formations the players may take. A typical offense is made up of a quarterback , five offensive linemen , two wide receivers , a running back , a fullback , and a tight end , however teams will vary their personnel on the field to fit any given play.
A quarterback is essentially the leader of the offense. It is most often their responsibility to pass along the play called to the rest of the players in the huddle before any given play. A quarterback is the primary ball handler on offense. It is their responsibility to call the snap count for the ball to enter play.
Once the ball is hiked into play, it is their job to either hand the ball off to one of their running backs, or scout the field for an open receiver to throw the ball to. In some instances, the quarterback will run the ball themselves.
A quarterback is guarded by their offensive linemen. The offensive line is made up of a left and right tackle , a left and right guard , and a center. It is the center's responsibility to hike the ball to the quarterback. An offensive line has two different jobs.
When the offense runs a pass play, it is their job to guard the quarterback from the defense that are rushing. When the offense runs a run play, it is their job to clear a path for the running back to run through.
American football rules
The running back also has multiple roles. They will either take the ball from the quarterback and run, move up and help the offensive line block, or go out and catch a pass. While the role of the fullback is deteriorating currently among professional leagues, it is their primary responsibility to lead the running back. Running backs and fullbacks are sometimes also called a halfback, a wingback, or a slotback. Like the running back, the tight end also has multiple roles. They will either help the offensive line protect the quarterback, block on run plays, or run or catch the ball themselves.
The wide receivers primary role is to run out into the field of play and catch the ball, although they will also block in some instances. The players on offense must arrange themselves in a formation , all behind their line of scrimmage that is, on their side of the ball.
For reasons of safety and competitive balance, there are strict rules which define the way in which the offensive players may line up. Seven players must line up directly on the line of scrimmage while four players line up behind the line of scrimmage.
Within this formation, there are six eligible receivers who may receive a forward pass during play. These eligible receivers are either the running back, fullback, tight end, or wide receivers. The remaining five linemen, often called interior linemen do not normally handle the ball during a play.
Because of these rules, various leagues of American football have enacted strict rules of uniform numbering so officials may more easily judge which players were eligible and which were not at the start of a play. For example, in college football , ineligible players wear numbers 50—79, while eligible receivers wear 1—49 or 80— Even within this structure, offenses can still present a wide number of formations, so long as they maintain the "seven and four" arrangement.
Receivers, for example, may play close to the other linemen or they may play some distance down the line of scrimmage, where they would sometimes be called split ends. Of the four backs, they may play behind the linemen, or may play "split out" to provide additional wide receivers. These additional receivers can be flankers if they play split far wide, but still in the backfield or slot receivers if they play in the "slot" between the split end and the rest of the offensive line.
The players on defense may arrange themselves in any manner, as long as all players are "behind the line" that is, on the side of the line nearest their own end zone. Players who line up opposite the offensive line are called defensive linemen , usually with one or two defensive tackles in the middle a single defensive tackle is often called the nose guard or nose tackle and with one defensive end on each side. A defensive lineman's job is typically to put pressure on the opposing teams quarterback by rushing the offensive line.
The defensive line is also most often the first set of players the opponent must get through should they choose to run the ball. Behind the linemen are the linebackers. A linebackers job can be any number of things, including trying to rush the opposing teams quarterback, stopping the opponents running back on run plays, or covering the opponents tight end or wide receivers.
Positioned opposite the wide receivers are the cornerbacks.
Their primary responsibility is to cover the wide receivers. Farthest back from the line are the safeties , usually in the middle of the field behind the linebackers. The safeties are the last line of defense against the opponent.
Like a linebacker, a safety's role can vary, however their most common role is to help the cornerbacks cover the opponent's wide receivers, which is called "double coverage".
The linemen and linebackers close to the line of scrimmage, are often referred to as playing "in the box". Players outside "the box" usually cornerbacks and safeties are collectively referred to as the "secondary". Starting the down[ edit ] A scrimmage down begins with a snap, where the center throws or hands the ball backward to one of the backs, usually the quarterback. Team Captains Each team shall designate to the referee not more than four players as its field captain s.
Persons Subject to the Rules All persons subject to the rules are governed by the decisions of the officials. Those persons subject to the rules are: Member Institutions Subject to the Rules NCAA member institutions and affiliated officiating organizations shall conduct all contests under the official football-playing rules of the Association.
No Team B player shall carry a caught or recovered ball more than two steps in any direction after any Team B player gives a valid or invalid fair catch signal A.
Five yards from the succeeding spot [S7 and S21]. No player of the kicking team shall tackle or block an opponent who has completed a fair catch.
Only the player making a fair catch signal has this protection A. The instant replay process operates under the fundamental assumption that the ruling on the field is correct.
The replay official may reverse a ruling if and only if the video evidence convinces him beyond all doubt that the ruling was incorrect. Reviewable plays involving potential dead balls and loose balls include: c. Live ball not ruleddead in possession of a ball carrier.When the offense runs a pass play, it is their job to guard the quarterback from the defense that are rushing. If the teams remain tied, another overtime is played.
A team that successfully kicks a field goal kicks off to the opposing team on the next play. These additional receivers can be flankers if they play split far wide, but still in the backfield or slot receivers if they play in the "slot" between the split end and the rest of the offensive line. Some penalties typically for more serious fouls , however, require a loss of down for the offense; and some defensive fouls may result in an automatic first down regardless of the ball position.
Retrieved September 28, If both teams are tied after the minute overtime, the game officially ends in a tie.
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