Ibn Rushd was a Maliki Jurist (Qadi) but presents the views of other schools ( Hanifi, Shaf'ee, hanbali & Zahiri) with the usual Respect and objectivity. This book. Ibn Rushd Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: | 2 Vol. Set | Size: 72 MB Ibn Set (Bidayat Al-Mujtahid Wa Nihayat Al-Muqtasid). [DB# 6E3 HB pp Dar Ibn Hazm, Ilm Khilaf Shafi'i Hanbali Hanafi Maliki, complete in 1 book] The well known Book on Khilaf, a discipline that records and analyses the differences among Muslim Jurists. Ibn Rushd’s Bidayat al-Mujtahid (The Distinguished Jurist’s Primer.

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The section also talks about speaking in the name of God, highlighting on the prerequisite credentials for doing so and the dangers of dwelling into that without possessing the requisite qualifications. Section 4 examines the question of certainty in the authenticity of texts and the implication of that on the strength and certainty of evidence derived therefrom.

The five major legal maxims were elaborately discussed. Text-based evidence is either of the following: 1 certain in authenticity and meaning; 2 certain in authenticity but speculative in meaning; 3 speculative in authenticity but certain in meaning; 4 speculative in authenticity and meaning.

The first scenario represents the fundamental bases of Islamic teachings which bind the ummah together as a united community. The seventh section is on how to regulate Usul al-Fiqh through Maqasid.

It discusses the traditional classification of Maqasid; necessities, complementaries and luxuries, as well as the significance of Maqasid in guiding the process and output of Usul al-Fiqh.

It discusses the differences between various qualifications and specializations of scholars such as mujtahids, muftis, fuqaha, mufassirun, and muhaddithun and how their backgrounds affect their perceptions and conclusions on issues.

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As correct as we might like to believe we are, there is always the possibility that we might be wrong — and sometimes, very wrong! Out of its footnotes, 95 are from Muhammad Hashim Kamali and 44 from Jasser Auda; two scholars who are among the leading authorities on the subjects of Usul and Maqasid in the contemporary world.

Abdu-Allah Waymann-Langraf 67 times. This is of course in addition to frequent references to the works of Ibn Taimiyyah, Ibn al-Qayyim, Al-Shatibi, al- Ghazali, and other classical jurists who have invested heavily in the three sciences. One might have disagreed with some of the analyses of the book.

It is both an academic textbook and a training manual. It is one of Islam's main foundations and is of paramount importance, second only to Tawhid, acknowledgement of the oneness of God.

Total allegiance and love are only to be given within the Islamic community, and rejection, hate, and enmity against the other is commanded, based upon Qur'anic foundations: Say: "If you love Allah then follow me that Allah may love you and forgive your faults… Allah does not love the infidels.

The constructs of love and loyalty were extended to the family and the hamula clan while suspicion and hatred was directed toward those outside the clan, the "other" who did not embrace Muhammad's teachings.

The Islamic umma has evolved into a super-tribe by way of religious linkage. No one may taste true faith except by this even if his prayers and fasts are many. The amount of attention devoted to the infidel is huge: 64 percent of the total Qur'an addresses that relationship while 81 percent of the Sira chronological biographies of Muhammad and 37 percent of the Hadith sayings attributed to Muhammad focus on this as well.

In sum, nearly two thirds of Shari'a Islamic law is devoted to the infidel. The Qur'an dehumanizes infidels: They are vile animals and beasts, the worst of creatures and demons; [12] perverted transgressors and partners of Satan [13] to be fought until religion is Allah's alone.

Whosoever contends with Muhammad deserves death. In the spirit of al-Wala wal-Bara, Muslims are to be compassionate with one another but ruthless to the infidel.

The infidels must not be taken as friends. It is Islam that distinguishes between self and other, between insider and outsider, between brother and stranger … the ultimate definition of the other, the alien outsider and presumptive enemy, has been the kafir [infidel]. To love God is to reject those who reject Him. O believers do not hold Jews and Christians as your allies. They are allies of one another; and anyone who makes them his friends is surely one of them; and Allah does not guide the unjust.

Jews are cursed forever, [39] having been transformed into apes and swine [40] or apes alone. O Servant of Allah, there is a Jew hiding behind me, so come and kill him.

Jesus is a Muslim prophet; Christ's divinity is a blasphemy and thus the foundations of Christianity are false. Supremacy of the Muslim and the Way of War The logical outcome of this world-view is the Islamic imperative to subjugate the world through the establishment of a universal umma.

It would be wicked and embracing al-Bara to permit humanity to ignore the perfect law of Allah, and thus it is a religious duty to create the most perfect world by political or other means.

The imperative that flows from this is that killing or being killed for the sake of Islam is a hallowed duty: Behold, Allah has bought of the believers their lives and their possessions, promising them paradise in return, [and so] they fight in Allah's cause, and slay, and are slain: a promise which in truth He has willed upon Himself in [the words of] the Torah, and the Gospel, and the Qur'an.

And who could be more faithful to his covenant than Allah?


The world is divided into two distinct realms: Dar al-Islam the house of submission and Dar al-Harb the house of the sword , and the normal and only justified relationship between the two is a state of perpetual war. There can be no peace with non-Muslims, only temporary truces. Jihad reflects the normal relations existing between the believers and the infidel.

Islamic wars are futuhat, derived from the Arabic root for "open" in the sense that they open the world to the call of Islam; wars instigated by the infidel are hurub, derived from the Arabic root for "anger.

Islam then sees war as the means of creating peace by subjugating all others and enforcing Islamic order. A pax Islamica covering the globe is the aim of jihad, and therefore, it is a just war. A hudna or truce does not imply the abandonment of jihad but rather a suspension of hostilities, a dormant status from which a leader may revive fighting at any time at his will.

Love, Hate, and Prayer Five times a day, Muslims declare their total allegiance and submission to God by reciting the opening verses of the Qur'an. While the first six verses seem unobjectionable, verses 6 and 7 take on a different complexion in light of the doctrine of al-Wala wal-Bara: [6] Guide us to the straight path, [7] the path of those whom you have favored, not of those against whom there is wrath, nor of those have gone astray.

One of the earliest Qur'anic exegetes, al-Tabari , explained in his Commentary on the Qur'an that "those against whom there is wrath" are the Jews while "those who have gone astray" are the Christians. Thus, notwithstanding the extensive whitewashing of the inherent prejudice within Islam in an attempt to portray Jews and Christians as honored and protected "people of the book" ahl al-Kitab rather than plain infidels, one of the central pillars of the Islamic faith maintains that Jews and Christians are the "other" to be avoided if one is to live by al-Wala wal-Bara.

In fact, Muslim jurists are careful to make this distinction: Under Islamic rule, and only under Islamic rule, are Jews and Christians to be considered ahl adh-Dhimma, a protected group of second-class citizens designated as such because of their connection to the "Book" the Bible.

The Distinguished Jurist's Primer Volume I: Bidayat al-Mujtahid wa Nihayat al-Muqtasid (Great

When Jews and Christians reside outside Islamic rule as do Jews in the State of Israel , then they are no longer ahl adh-Dhimma but infidels. The practice of declaring other Muslims infidel takfir due to insufficient piety is widely practiced by Salafists and Wahhabis and used by jihadists to justify the use of violence against other Muslims.

Jihadists frequently point to a saying attributed to Muhammad: This community will be split up into seventy-three sects, seventy-two of them will go to Hell, and one will go to Paradise, and it is the majority group. The concept of takfir, propounded by Ibn Abd al-Wahhab founder of the Wahhabist movement , includes the command that anyone who does not show sufficient levels of wala allegiance to his view of true Muslim belief and adequate bara rejection of non-Muslims, including the wrong kind of Muslims is at risk of committing apostasy.

Fadl" and Abdul Qadir bin Abdul Aziz, mentor of al-Qaeda's current leader Ayman al-Zawahiri: The most important duties of …[the Saved Sect] in this age are to wage jihad against the apostate rulers who have changed the rules of Allah and who govern Muslims using heretical man-made laws … the Salafi-Jihadists are at-Ta'ifa al-Mansura who have been promised victory against its enemies and the enemies of Islam.

Al-Bukhari says they are the people of knowledge.

Other scholars say they are Ahl al-Hadith [Sunna].This is precisely what is advanced by the al-Wala wal-Bara doctrine—drawing near to Allah's word and rejecting all that He hates—especially the corrupted beliefs of the other.

Conclusion The doctrine of al-Wala wal-Bara is critical to understanding the Islamic world-view and its perception of the other as it is second only to attesting to tawhid, the oneness of God, for the faithful.

Beirut: Al-Maktab Al-Islami. One might have disagreed with some of the analyses of the book. Al-Nawawi says: They are those who enjoin good and forbid evil [al-Wala wal-Bara].

Others, who upheld his confinement and punishment till he resumes praying, determined it as a hadd penalty, which is the opinion of Malik, al-Shafi, Abu Hanifa, his disciples, and of the Zahirites.

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