This teaching material is prepared based on the existing curriculum of immunology and serology and consists of 16 chapters. Each chapter has its own objective. As the name implies, this textbook is intended for students in two-or four-year programs in laboratory or medical technology. It easily passes the first tests of any. Turgeon, Mary Louise. Immunology & serology in laboratory medicine / Mary Louise Turgeon. The intention of this fifth edition of Immunology and Serology.
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These lecture notes accompany my lectures on immunology in the study module "Infection, Pdf- version of computerescue.info Terms of. pdf. Immunology & Serology in Laboratory Medicine. Pages . The knowl- use. edge base in the field of immunology and serology continues to. autoimmune diseases through clinical immunology are of great interest Immunology begins with the basic concepts and then details the immuno-.
Your doctor will insert a needle into your vein and collect blood for a sample. The doctor may simply pierce the skin with a lancet if conducting serologic testing on a young child.
The testing procedure is quick. Excessive bleeding and infection may occur, but the risk of either of these is low.
What Is Serology?
Antibodies are diverse. So, there are various tests for detecting the presence of different types of antibodies. These include: An agglutination assay shows whether antibodies exposed to certain antigens will cause particle clumping.
A precipitation test shows whether the antigens are similar by measuring for the presence of antibody in body fluids. The Western blot test identifies the presence of antimicrobial antibodies in your blood by their reaction with target antigens.
What do the results mean? Normal test results Your body produces antibodies in response to antigens.
Acquired resistance to infectious diseases. An autoimmune disorder. Recovery from infectious disease.
ANS: C The desirable consequences of immunity include natural resistance, recovery, and acquired resistance to infectious diseases. A deficiency or dysfunction of the immune system can cause many disorders.
Undesirable consequences of immunity include allergy, rejection of a transplanted organ, or an autoimmune disorder. The first line of defense against infection is: a.
Unbroken skin or mucous membranes. Antibody production. Antigen recognition. ANS: A The first line of defense, or first barrier to infection, is unbroken skin and mucosal membrane surfaces.
Virtually the entire the European countries had initiated a compulsory vacci- history of immunology has been recorded within the last nation program.
It was not Louis Pasteur, a key figure in the development of both until the s that the cells responsible for the immune microbiology and immunology, accidentally found that old response were identified and characterized.
At the same cultures would not cause disease in chickens. A foreign substance that induces such an immune response He noted that spinal cords left to dry for a few days were is called an antigen.
Immunology as a science has its roots in the study of In , when a boy who was severely bitten by a rabid dog immunity, the condition of being resistant to infection. The boy received a series of 12 injections beginning back to the s, when the Chinese developed a practice with material from the least infectious cords and progress- of inhaling powder made from smallpox scabs in order to ing to the fresher, more infectious material.
Immunology & Serology in Laboratory Medicine
Miraculously, produce protection against this dreaded disease. However, this was not always the case.
After observing surrounded by motile cells that attempted to destroy these the fact that milkmaids who were exposed to cowpox had invaders. He called this process phagocytosis, meaning cells apparent immunity to smallpox, he deliberately injected that eat cells.
He thus proved that immunity Other researchers contended that noncellular elements to cowpox, a very mild disease, provided protection against in the blood were responsible for protection from microor- smallpox.He noted that spinal cords left to dry for a few days were less infectious to laboratory animals than fresh spinal cords. Primary granules, also called azurophilic granules, contain enzymes such as myeloperoxidase; elastase; proteinase 3; lysozyme; cathepsin G; and defensins, small proteins that have antibacterial activity.
T helper cells. Clinical Hematology and Fundamentals of Hemostasis. Using a counting chamber.
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